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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Telluraves
Cladus: Australaves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Sylvioidea

Familia: Acrocephalidae
Genus: Acrocephalus
Species: A. aedon - A. aequinoctialis - A. agricola - A. arundinaceus - A. atyphus - A. australis - A. baeticatus - A. bistrigiceps - A. brevipennis - A. caffer - A. concinens - A. dumetorum - A. familiaris - A. gracilirostris - A. griseldis - A. kerearako - A. luscinius - A. melanopogon - A. mendanae - A. newtoni - A. orientalis - A. orinus - A. paludicola - A. palustris - A. rehsei - A. rimatarae - A. rufescens - A. schoenobaenus - A. scirpaceus - A. sorghophilus - A. stentoreus - A. syrinx - A. taiti -A. tangorum - A. vaughani

Species extinctae: †A. astrolabii – †A. longirostris – †A. luscinius – †A. minor – †A. musae – †A. nijoi – †A. yamashinae
Name

Acrocephalus J. A. Naumann & J. F. Naumann, 1811
Typus

Turdus arundinaceus Linnaeus, 1758, = Acrocephalus arundinaceus

Synonymy

Bebrornis Sharpe, 1883

References

Naturgeschichte Land-Wasser-Vögel Nördlichen Deutschlands Nachtrag: 199.
IOC

Vernacular names
العربية: عصفور القصب
беларуская (тарашкевіца): Чаротаўкі
беларуская: Чаротаўкі
brezhoneg: Rouzegan
català: Boscarla
Deutsch: Rohrsänger
English: Reedbed warblers
Esperanto: Kanbirdo
suomi: Ruokokerttuset
français: Rousserolle
עברית: קנית
kurdî: Zilek
lietuvių: Nendrinukės
македонски: Трскар
кырык мары: Амыжгек
norsk nynorsk: Kjerrsongarar
русский: Настоящие камышовки
українська: Очеретянка
Tiếng Việt: Chim chích đầm lầy

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The Acrocephalus warblers are small, insectivorous passerine birds belonging to the genus Acrocephalus. Formerly in the paraphyletic Old World warbler assemblage, they are now separated as the namesake of the marsh- and tree-warbler family Acrocephalidae. They are sometimes called marsh-warblers or reed-warblers, but this invites confusion with Marsh Warbler and Reed Warbler proper, especially in North America where it is common to use lower case for bird species.

These are rather drab brownish warblers usually associated with marshes or other wetlands. Some are streaked, others plain. Many species are migratory.

Many species have a flat head profile, which gives rise to the group's scientific name.

Species breeding in temperate regions are strongly migratory.

The most enigmatic species of the genus, the Large-billed Reed-warbler (A. orinus), was rediscovered in Thailand on March, 2006. It was only found once before, in 1867. It was found also in a remote corner of Afghanistan in the Summer 2009.


List of species in taxonomic order
This Reed Warbler is raising the young of a Common Cuckoo

* Moustached Warbler, Acrocephalus melanopogon
* Aquatic Warbler, Acrocephalus paludicola
* Sedge Warbler, Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
* Streaked Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus sorghophilus
* Black-browed Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus bistrigiceps
* Paddyfield Warbler, Acrocephalus agricola
* Manchurian Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus tangorum (sometimes included in A. agricola)
* Blunt-winged Warbler, Acrocephalus concinens
* Eurasian Reed Warbler, Acrocephalus scirpaceus
o Caspian Reed Warbler, Acrocephalus (scirpaceus) fuscus
o Mangrove Reed Warbler, Acrocephalus (scirpaceus) avicenniae
* African Reed Warbler, Acrocephalus baeticatus
* Blyth's Reed Warbler, Acrocephalus dumetorum
* Marsh Warbler, Acrocephalus palustris
* Great Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus arundinaceus
* Oriental Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus orientalis
* Clamorous Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus stentoreus
* Large-billed Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus orinus
* Basra Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus griseldis
* Australian Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus australis
* Nightingale Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus luscinia
o Aguiguan Nightingale Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus luscinia nijoi – doubtfully distinct; extinct (c.1997)
o Astrolabe Nightingale Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus luscinia astrolabii – extinct (mid-19th century?)
o Pagan Nightingale Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus luscinia yamashinae – doubtfully distinct; extinct (1970s)
* Caroline Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus syrinx
* Nauru Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus rehsei
o Marshall Islands Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus rehsei ssp.? – hypothetical; extinct (c.1880?)
* Millerbird, Acrocephalus familiaris
o Nihoa Millerbird, Acrocephalus familiaris kingi
o Laysan Millerbird, Acrocephalus familiaris familiaris – extinct (late 1910s)
* Christmas Island Warbler, Acrocephalus aequinoctialis
* Tahiti Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus caffer
o Huahine Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus caffer garretti – extinct (19th century?), renamed in Acrocephalus musae garretti [1]
o Raiatea Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus caffer musae – extinct (19th century?), renamed in Acrocephalus musae musae [1]
* Moorea Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus longirostris – extinct (1980s?) (split from Acrocephalus caffer in 2008) [1]
* Tuamotu Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus atyphus
* Rimatara Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus rimatarae
* Pitcairn Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus vaughani
* Henderson Island Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus taiti
* Marquesan Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus mendanae
* Cook Islands Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus kerearako
* Greater Swamp-warbler, Acrocephalus rufescens
* Cape Verde Swamp-warbler, Acrocephalus brevipennis
* Lesser Swamp-warbler, Acrocephalus gracilirostris
* Madagascar Swamp-warbler, Acrocephalus newtoni
* Thick-billed Warbler, Acrocephalus aedon
* Rodrigues Brush-warbler, Acrocephalus rodericanus
* Seychelles Warbler, Acrocephalus sechellensis

Fragmentary fossil remains from the Late Miocene (about 11 mya) of Rudabánya (NE Hungary) show some apomorphies typical of this genus (Bernor et al. 2002). Given its rather early age (most Passerida genera are not known until the Pliocene), it is not too certain that it is correctly placed here, but it is highly likely to belong to the Acrocephalidae at the least.

Notes

1. ^ a b c Cibois, Thiboult & Pasquet: Systematics of the extinct reed warblers Acrocephalus of the Society Islands of eastern Polynesia. Ibis (2008), 150, 365–376


References

* Baker, Warblers of Europe Asia and North Africa ISBN 0-7136-3971-7
* Barlow, Wacher and Disley, Birds of The Gambia ISBN 1-873403-32-1
* Del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A. & Christie D. (editors). (2006). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 11: Old World Flycatchers to Old World Warblers. Lynx Edicions. ISBN 849655306X.
* Grimmett, Inskipp and Inskipp, Birds of India ISBN 0-691-04910-6
* King, Woodcock and Dickinson,Birds of South-East Asia, ISBN 0 00 219206 3
* Mullarney, Svensson, Zetterstrom and Grant, Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0-00-219728-6
* Sinclair, I.; Hockey, P. & Tarboton, W. SASOL Birds of Southern Africa (Struik 2002) ISBN 1-86872-721-1

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