Birds, Fine Art Prints

- Art Gallery -

Acrocephalus scirpaceus

Acrocephalus scirpaceus (*)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Sylvioidea

Familia: Acrocephalidae
Genus: Acrocephalus
Species: Acrocephalus scirpaceus
Subspecies: A. s. avicenniae – A. s. fuscus – A. s. scirpaceus
Name

Acrocephalus scirpaceus (Hermann, 1804)
Synonyms

Turdus scirpaceus (protonym)

References

Observationes Zoologicae quibus novae complures: 202.

Vernacular names
Afrikaans: Hermanse Rietsanger
العربية: دخلة القصب
asturianu: Carricera
azərbaycanca: Çəmən qamışcıl
беларуская: Трысняговая чаротаўка
български: Блатно шаварче
brezhoneg: Rouzegan-korz
català: Boscarla de canyar
čeština: Rákosník obecný
Cymraeg: Telor y Cyrs
dansk: Rørsanger
Deutsch: Teichrohrsänger
Ελληνικά: Καλαμομουγιούδι
English: Eurasian Reed Warbler
Esperanto: Kanbirdo
español: Carricero Común
eesti: Tiigi-roolind
euskara: Lezkari arrunt
suomi: Rytikerttunen
føroyskt: Royljómari
français: Rousserolle effarvatte
Gaeilge: Ceolaire giolcaí
Gàidhlig: Cuilceag
galego: Folosa das canaveiras
עברית: קנית קטנה
hrvatski: Trstenjak cvrkutić
magyar: Cserregő nádiposzáta
հայերեն: Եղեգնուտի Եղեգնա ռչնակ
íslenska: Sefsöngvari
italiano: Cannaiola
日本語: ヨアロッパヨシキリ
ქართული: ბაღის ლელწამა
қазақша: Қамыс айқабағы
kernowek: Telor cors
lietuvių: Mažoji krakšlė
latviešu: Ezera ķauķis
македонски: Трскар шевар
Malti: Bagħal tal-Qasab
Nederlands: Kleine karekiet
norsk: Rørsanger
polski: Trzcinniczek zwyczajny
português: Rouxinol-pequeno-dos-caniços
русский: Тростниковая камышовка
slovenčina: Trsteniarik bahenný
shqip: Bilbilthi i kallamave
српски / srpski: Trstenjak cvrkutić
svenska: Rörsångare
Kiswahili: Shoro-matete
Türkçe: Saz kamışçını
українська: Очеретянка ставкова
vèneto: Pàssara canarèla
Zeêuws: Klein'n karekiete
中文: 芦苇莺

The Eurasian reed warbler, or just reed warbler (Acrocephalus scirpaceus), is an Old World warbler in the genus Acrocephalus. It breeds across Europe into the temperate western Palaearctic. It is migratory, wintering in sub-Saharan Africa.

Etymology

The genus name Acrocephalus is from Ancient Greek akros, "highest", and kephale, "head". It is possible that Naumann and Naumann thought akros meant "sharp-pointed". The specific scirpaceus is from Latin and means "reed".[3]

An older scientific name for the reed warbler was Acrocephalus streperus (Vieill.).[4]
Habitat and population density

This small passerine bird is a species found almost exclusively in reed beds, usually with some bushes. Direct counts of territorial males in suitable habitat and sampling the population sex-ratio can be a proper alternative to inference-rich predictive modeling based on imperfect habitat-extrapolation of densities of reed warblers at large spatial scales.[5]

Population densities of Eurasian reed warblers (mean±SD) in Europe
Country Method Pairs/ha Birds/ha Nests/ha Ref.
UK Nest - - 17.9±10.4 [6]
Spain Census point - 3.9 - [7]
Spain Transect - 7.8 - [5]
Slovakia Nest - - 29.1±31.1 [8]
Spain Nest 12.6±11.3 - - [9]
Romania Nest 21.0±26.9 - - [9]
Romania Nest - - 21.0±26.9 [9]
France Nest - - 40.0 [9]
Romania Nest - - 21.0±26.9 [9]
France Nest - - 40.0 [9]
Czech Republic Nest - - 63. [9]
Germany Nest - - 44.0±15.6 [9]
Poland Nest - - 57.0 [9]
Lithuania Nest - - 5.0 [9]
Denmark Nest - - 25.0 [9]
Norway Nest - - 8.0 [9]

Description

This is a medium-sized warbler, 12.5–14 cm in length. The adult has an unstreaked brown back and buff underparts. The forehead is flattened, and the bill is strong and pointed. The sexes are identical, as with most warblers, but young birds are richer buff below. The Eurasian reed warbler looks similar to the great reed warbler, but the great reed warbler is larger in size and has a stronger supercilium.
Song

The song is a slow, chattering jit-jit-jit with typically acrocephaline whistles and mimicry added.

Food

Like most warblers, it is insectivorous, but will take other small food items, including berries.
Nesting

The 3–5 eggs are laid in a basket nest in reeds. The chicks fledge after 10 or 11 days. This species is usually monogamous.[10] The Eurasian reed warbler is one of the species that are brood parasitised by the common cuckoo.

Placement of nest

View on nest with clutch

Common cuckoo chick fed by reed warbler adult

Reed warbler eggs

Cuculus canorus canorus in a spawn of Acrocephalus scirpaceus - MHNT

References

BirdLife International (2019) [amended version of 2017 assessment]. "Acrocephalus scirpaceus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019: e.T22714722A155436305. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
Gill F, D Donsker & P Rasmussen (Eds). 2020. IOC World Bird List (v10.2). doi : 10.14344/IOC.ML.10.2.
Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. pp. 30, 350. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
For instance in Naumann, Johann Friedrich (1897). Naturgeschichte der Vögel Mitteleuropas. Vol. 2. OCLC 603365339 (all editions).; see also: 12 px Commons logo image on Wikimedia Commons.
Frias, O.; Bautista, L. M.; Dénes, F. V.; Cuevas, J. A.; Martínez, F.; Blanco, G. (2018). "Influence of habitat suitability and sex-related detectability on density and population size estimates of habitat-specialist warblers" (PDF). PLOS ONE. 13 (7): 020148. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0201482. PMC 6066240. PMID 30059562.
Bibby, C. J.; Thomas, D. K. (1985). "Breeding and diets of the reed warbler at a rich and a poor site". Bird Study. 32: 19–31. doi:10.1080/00063658509476851.
Parcuellos, M. (1997). "Comparative analysis between the passerine communities of great reed beds (Arundo donax) and reed beds (Phragmites australis) in southeastern Iberia". Ardeola. 44: 105–108.
Prokešová, J.; Kocian, L. (2004). "Habitat selection of two Acrocephalus warblers breeding in reed beds near Malacky (Western Slovakia)" (PDF). Biologia Bratislava. 59: 637–644.
Stokke, B. G.; Hafstad, I.; Rudolfsen, G.; Bargain, B.; Beier, J.; Campas, D. B.; Dyrcz, A.; Honza, M.; Leisler, B.; Pap, P. L.; Patapavicius, R.; Prochazka, P.; Schulze-Hagen, K.; Thomas, R.; Moksness, A.; Møller, A. P.; Roskaft, E.; Soler, M. (2007). "Host density predicts presence of cuckoo parasitism in reed warblers". Oikos. 116 (6): 913–922. doi:10.1111/j.2007.0030-1299.15832.x.

Leisler, B. & Wink, Michael (2000): Frequencies of multiple paternity in three Acrocephalus species (Aves: Sylviidae) with different mating systems (A. palustris, A. arundinaceus, A. paludicola). Ethology, Ecology & Evolution 12: 237–249. PDF fulltext

External links
Eurasian reed warbler videos, photos & sounds on the Internet Bird Collection
Avibase[permanent dead link]
Ageing and sexing (PDF; 2.3 MB) by Javier Blasco-Zumeta & Gerd-Michael Heinze

Bibliography

Kishkinev, D., Chernetsov, N., Pakhomov, A., Heyers, D., and Mouritsen, H. (2015). Eurasian reed warblers compensate for virtual magnetic displacement. Curr. Biol. 25, R822–R824

Birds Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World