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Agelaius humeralis, Holguin, Cuba

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Subordo: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Telluraves
Cladus: Australaves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea

Familia: Icteridae
Genus: Agelaius
Species Agelaius humeralis
Subspspecies: A. h. humeralis – A. h. scopulus
Name

Agelaius humeralis (Vigors, 1827)

Type locality: neighborhood of Havana, Cuba.

Synonyms

Leistes humeralis (protonym)

References

The Zoological Journal p. 442 BHL

Vernacular names
čeština: vlhovec hnědokřídlý
dansk: Rustskuldret Stærling
Deutsch: Braunschulterstärling
English: Tawny-shouldered Blackbird
español: Sargento humeral
suomi: antillienturpiaali
français: Petit Carouge
Kreyòl ayisyen: Ti Kawouj
italiano: Ittero spallefulve
日本語: チャガタハゴロモガラス, chagatahagoromogarasu
Nederlands: Bruinboegtroepiaal
norsk: Brunskuldertrupial
polski: epoletnik brązowoskrzydły
русский: Буроплечий трупиал
slovenčina: vlhovec hnedokrídly
svenska: Brunskuldrad trupial
中文: 黄褐肩黑鹂

The tawny-shouldered blackbird (Agelaius humeralis) is a species of bird in the family Icteridae. It is found in Cuba and Hispaniola (split between the Dominican Republic and Haiti). It is a vagrant in the United States (to the Florida Keys).

Description

Measuring 20 cm (7.9 in) long, this highly social species is entirely black, save for the namesake brown-orange patch at the shoulder. The patch may not be visible when the wings are folded.[2]
Taxonomy

Two subspecies are described:[3]

A. h. humeralis – (Vigors, 1827): nominate, found in Cuba and Hispaniola
A. h. scopulus – Garrido, 1970: found on Cayo Cantiles (east of Isla de la Juventud off southwestern Cuba)

Breeding

They breed from April to August, laying 3–4 greenish-white eggs spotted with brown in a cup-shaped nest that is lined with soft materials and placed in a tree.[2]
Diet and habitat

Tawny-shouldered blackbirds eat insects, seeds, nectar, fruit, and small lizards.[2] Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, pastureland, and heavily degraded former forest.
References

BirdLife International (2018). "Agelaius humeralis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T22724206A132028704. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22724206A132028704.en. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
Garrido, Orlando H.; Kirkconnell, Arturo (2000). Field Guide to the Birds of Cuba. Ithaca, NY: Comstock, Cornell University Press. pp. 219–220. ISBN 978-0-8014-8631-9.
Gill, F.; Donsker, D., eds. (2014). "IOC World Bird List". IOC World Bird List (V 4.2). doi:10.14344/IOC.ML.4.2.

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