Anas cyanoptera

Anas cyanoptera , US Fish and Wildlife Service

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Anseriformes
Familia: Anatidae
Subfamilia: Anatinae
Genus: Anas
Species: Anas cyanoptera

Name

Anas cyanoptera Vieillot, 1816

References

* Nouveau Dictionnaire d'Histoire Naturelle Appliquée aux Arts... 5 p.104

Vernacular names
Internationalization
Česky: Čírka skořicová
English: Cinnamon Teal
Español: Cerceta colorada
Français: Sarcelle cannelle
Magyar: Fahéjszínű réce
日本語: アカシマアジ
Nederlands: Kaneelkleurige taling
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Kaneland
Runa Simi: Puka pili
Svenska: Kanelårta

The Cinnamon Teal (Anas cyanoptera) is a small, reddish dabbling duck found in marshes and ponds of western North and South America.

The adult male has a cinnamon-red head and body with a brown back, a red eye and a dark bill. The adult female has a mottled brown body, a pale brown head, brown eyes and a grey bill and is very similar in appearance to a female Blue-winged Teal; however its overall color is richer, the lore spot, eye line, and eye ring are less distinct. Its bill is longer and more spatulate. Male juvenile resembles a female Cinnamon or Blue-winged Teal but their eyes are red.[2][3] They are 16 inches (410 mm) long, have a 22-inch (560 mm) wingspan, and weigh 14 ounces (400 g).[3] They have 2 adult molts per year and a third molt in their first year.[3]

Their breeding habitat is marshes and ponds in western United States and extreme southwestern Canada, and are rare visitors to the east coast of the United States.[3] Cinnamon Teal generally select new mates each year. They are migratory and most winter in northern South America and the Caribbean,[4] generally not migrating as far as the Blue-winged Teal. Some winter in California and southwestern Arizona.[2] They are known to interbreed with Blue-winged Teals.[2] These birds feed by dabbling. They mainly eat plants; their diet may include molluscs and aquatic insects.

Subspecies are:

* Anas cyanoptera septentrionalium Northern Cinnamon Teal breeds from British Columbia to northwestern New Mexico, and they winter in northwestern South America.[5]
* Anas cyanoptera tropica Tropical Cinnamon Teal occurs in the Cauca Valley and Magdalena Valley in Colombia.[5]
* Anas cyanoptera borreroi Borrero's Cinnamon Teal (possibly extinct) occurs in the eastern Andes of Colombia with records of apparently resident birds from northern Ecuador.[5] It is named for Colombian ornithologist José Ignacio Borrero.
* Anas cyanoptera orinomus Andean Cinnamon Teal occurs in the Altiplano of Peru, northern Chile and Bolivia.[5]
* Anas cyanoptera cyanoptera Argentine Cinnamon Teal occurs in southern Peru, southern Brazil, Argentina, Chile, and the Falkland Islands.[5]


Footnotes

1. ^ IUCN (2009)
2. ^ a b c Dunn, J (2006)
3. ^ a b c d Floyd T (2008)
4. ^ Herrera et al. (2006)
5. ^ a b c d e Clements, J (2007)


References

* Clements, James, (2007) The Clements Checklist of the Birds of the World, Cornell University Press, Ithaca
* Dunn, J. & Alderfer, J. (2006) National Geographic Field Guide to the Birds of North America 5th Ed.
* Floyd, T (2008) Smithsonian Field Guide to the Birds of North America Harper Collins, NY
* Herrera, Néstor; Rivera, Roberto; Ibarra Portillo, Ricardo & Rodríguez, Wilfredo (2006): Nuevos registros para la avifauna de El Salvador. ["New records for the avifauna of El Salvador"]. Boletín de la Sociedad Antioqueña de Ornitología 16(2): 1-19. [Spanish with English abstract]PDF fulltext
* IUCN (2009) BirdLife International Anas cyanoptera Downloaded on 08 Jan 2009

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