Anas querquedula

Anas querquedula, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Anseriformes
Familia: Anatidae
Subfamilia: Anatinae
Genus: Anas
Species: Anas querquedula

Name

Anas querquedula Linnaeus, 1758

References

* Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.126
* Anas querquedula Report on ITIS

Vernacular names
Internationalization
Afrikaans: Somereend
Български: Лятно бърне
Česky: Čírka modrá
Cymraeg: Hwyaden Addfain
Deutsch: Knäkente
Ελληνικά: Σαρσέλα (Ευρωπαϊκή)
English: Garganey
Esperanto: Marĉanaso
Français: Sarcelle d'été
Frysk: Skiertsjilling
Galego: Cerceta de estío
Magyar: Böjti réce
Italiano: Anas querquedula
ქართული: იხვინჯა
한국어: 발구지
Lietuvių: Dryžagalvė kryklė
Nederlands: Zomertaling
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Knekkand
Polski: Cyranka
Русский: Чирок-трескунок
Sámegiella: Suoidnečiksa
Slovenčina: Kačica chrapľavá
Suomi: Heinätavi
Svenska: Årta
Vèneto: Rocheto, Crècola

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The Garganey, Anas querquedula is a small dabbling duck. It breeds in much of Europe and western Asia, but is strictly migratory, with the entire population moving to southern Africa and Australasia in winter[2], where large flocks can occur. This species was first described by Linnaeus in his Systema naturae in 1758 under its current scientific name.[3] Like other small ducks such as the Common Teal, this species rises easily from the water with a fast twisting wader-like flight.

Their breeding habitat is grassland adjacent to shallow marshes and steppe lakes.

The adult male is unmistakable, with its brown head and breast with a broad white crescent over the eye. The rest of the plumage is grey, with loose grey scapular feathers It has a grey bill and legs. In flight it shows a pale blue speculum with a white border. When swimming it will show prominent white edges on its tertials. His crown (anatomy) is dark and face is reddish-brown[4].

Some care is needed in separating the brown female from the similar Common Teal, but the stronger face markings and more frequent head-shaking when dabbling are good indicators. Confusion with the female of the Blue-winged Teal is also possible, but the head and bill shape is different, and the latter species has yellow legs. Pale eyebrow, dark eye line, pale lore spot bordered by a second dark line[4].

These birds feed mainly by skimming rather than upending.

The male has a distinctive crackling mating call; the female is rather silent for a female duck, but can manage a feeble "quack".

Garganey are rare breeding birds in the British Isles, with most breeding in quiet marshes in Norfolk and Suffolk.

The Garganey is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies. The status of the Garganey is Least Concern[1].

Etymology

The common English name dates from the 17th century and comes from dialect Italian gargenei, a variant of garganello, which ultimately comes from the Late Latin gargala "tracheal artery".[5] The English usage owes its origins to Conrad Gesner who used the Italian name in the third volume of his Historiae Animalium (History of Animals) 1555.[6]

Its local name in the Camargue region of France—cacharel—is said to be the inspiration for the name of Jean Bousquet's Cacharel, a line of perfumes, accessories and ready-to-wear clothing.

Footnotes

1. ^ a b IUCN (2009)
2. ^ Clements, J. (2007)
3. ^ Linnaeus, C. (1758)
4. ^ a b Dunn, J. (2006)
5. ^ American Heritage Dictionary (2007)
6. ^ Oxford English Dictionary


References

* American Heritage Dictionary: . Accessed 1/6/07
* Clements, James, (2007) The Clements Checklist of the Birds of the World, Cornell University Press, Ithaca
* Dunn, J. & Alderfer, J. (2006) National Geographic Field Guide to the Birds of North America 5th Ed.
* IUCN (2009) BirdLife International Anas querquedula Downloaded on 08 Jan 2009
* Linnaeus, C (1758). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata.. Holmiae. (Laurentii Salvii).. pp. 126. "A. macula alarum viridi, linea alba supra oculos.." (Latin)
* Oxford English Dictionary, online edition. Accessed 1/6/07

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