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Anthus pratensis

Anthus pratensis (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Parvordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea
Familia: Motacillidae
Genus: Anthus
Species: Anthus pratensis
Subspecies: A. p. pratensis - A. p. whistleri


Anthus pratensis (Linnaeus, 1758)


* Syst. Nat. ed.10 p.166

Vernacular names
Ελληνικά: Λιβαδοκελάδα
English: Meadow Pipit
Polski: Świergotek łąkowy
Türkçe: Çayır incir kuşu
Vèneto: Sguseta


The Meadow Pipit or Titlark, Anthus pratensis, is a small passerine bird which breeds in much of the northern half of Europe and Asia. It is migratory over most of its range, wintering in southern Europe, north Africa and southern Asia, but is resident in Ireland, Great Britain, and neighbouring coastal areas of western Europe. However, even here, many birds move to the coast or lowlands in winter.

This is a widespread and often abundant small pipit. It is an undistinguished looking species on the ground, mainly brown above and buff below, with darker streaking on most of its plumage. It has pale pink legs and a thin bill. The call is a weak tsi-tsi. The simple repetitive song is given in a short song flight.

This is a species of uncultivated open habitats, such as pasture and moorland. It is a fairly terrestrial pipit, usually landing on the ground. It is similar to the Tree Pipit, Anthus trivialis, which is slightly larger, less heavily streaked, and has stronger facial markings. The song of the Meadow Pipit accelerates towards the end while that of the Tree Pipit slows down.
The nest is on the ground. The Meadow Pipit's food is primarily insects with some seeds.

This species is one of the hosts of the Common Cuckoo.

In the UK this species is sometimes called a "mippit" by birders.


* BirdLife International (2004). Anthus pratensis. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 9 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern

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Source: Wikispecies, Wikipedia: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License