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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Subordo: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Telluraves
Cladus: Australaves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea

Familia: Passerellidae
Genus: Arremon
Species: A. abeillei – A. assimilis – A. atricapillus – A. aurantiirostris – A. basilicus – A. brunneinucha – A. castaneiceps – A. costaricensis – A. crassirostris – A. dorbignii – A. flavirostrisA. franciscanus – A. perijanus – A. phaeopleurus – A. phygas – A. schlegeliA. semitorquatusA. taciturnus – A. torquatus – A. virenticeps

Species dubia: A. kuehnerii


Arremon Vieillot, 1816

Typus: Tanagra taciturna Hermann, 1789 = Arremon taciturnus


Buarremon Bonaparte, 1850 Consp.Gen.Av. p. 483 BHL
Lysurus Ridgway, 1898 Auk p. 225 BHL

Primary references

Vieillot, L.J.P. 1816. Analyse d'une nouvelle ornithologie élémentaire. 70 pp. Paris: Deterville. p. 32 BHL Reference page.

Additional references

Cadena, C.D., Klicka, J. & Ricklefs, R.E. 2007. Evolutionary differentiation in the Neotropical montane region: molecular phylogenetics and phylogeography of Buarremon brush-finches (Aves, Emberizidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44(3): 993–1016 DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2006.12.012 PDF Reference page.
Cadena, C.D. & Cuervo, A.M.. 2010. Molecules, ecology, morphology, and songs in concert: How many species is “Arremon torquatus” (Aves, Emberizidae)? . Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 99: 152–176. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8312.2009.01333.x Open access Reference page.

Vernacular names
suomi: Hohtosirkut

Arremon is a genus of neotropical birds in the family Passerellidae. With the exception of the green-striped brushfinch which is endemic to Mexico, all species are found in South America, with a few reaching Central America.

These sparrows are found in lowland woodlands and forests where they usually forage on the ground. They have olive or grey upperparts with a black head. Many have a white line above the eye and some have a black band across the breast.[1]

The genus Arremon was erected in 1816 by the French ornithologist Louis Jean Pierre Vieillot in his Analyse d'une Nouvelle Ornithologie Élémentaire to accommodate the pectoral sparrow (Arremon taciturnus).[2] The name is from the Ancient Greek arrhēmōn meaning "silent" or "without speech".[3] The pectoral sparrow had been given the French name "L'Oiseau Silencieux" by the polymath Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1779.[4][5]

The genus contains 20 species.[6][7]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Arremon crassirostris Sooty-faced finch Costa Rica, Panama and far northwestern Colombia
Olive Finch - Colombia S4E3362 (23283455182).jpg Arremon castaneiceps Olive finch Colombia, Ecuador and far northern Peru
Arremon brunneinucha Santa Elena.JPG Arremon brunneinucha Chestnut-capped brushfinch central Mexico to southeastern Peru.
Arremon virenticeps, Zacatecas, Mexico.jpg Arremon virenticeps Green-striped brushfinch Mexico
Arremon atricapillus Black-headed brushfinch Colombia and Panama
Arremon costaricensis Costa Rican brushfinch Panama and Costa Rica
Arremon basilicus Sierra Nevada brushfinch northern Colombia
Arremon perijanus (15449181957).jpg Arremon perijanus Perija brushfinch northeast Colombia and northwest Venezuela
Arremon phaeopleurus Caracas brushfinch Venezuela
Arremon phygas Paria brushfinch Venezuela
Buarremon assimilis (Atlapetes listado) (22654443455).jpg Arremon assimilis Grey-browed brushfinch Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, and most of Peru.
Stripe-headed Brush-Finch - Colombia S4E1795 (23023941159).jpg Arremon torquatus White-browed brushfinch Argentina, Bolivia, and southern Peru
Orange-billed Sparrow.jpg Arremon aurantiirostris Orange-billed sparrow Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua and Panama
Arremon taciturnus.jpg Arremon taciturnus Pectoral sparrow Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.
Arremon franciscanus São Francisco sparrow Rio São Francisco and in the states such as Bahia and Minas Gerais, Brazil
Arremon semitorquatus -Piraju, Sao Paulo, Brazil-8.jpg Arremon semitorquatus Half-collared sparrow southeastern Brazil.
Arremon dorbignii Stripe-crowned sparrow base of the Andes, from eastern Bolivia to northwest Argentina
Arremon schlegeli Golden-winged sparrow Colombia and Venezuela.
Black-capped Sparrow - South Ecuador S4E9265 (23309731381).jpg Arremon abeillei Black-capped sparrow Ecuador and Peru
TICO-TICO-DE-BICO-AMARELO ( Arremon flavirostris ).jpg Arremon flavirostris Saffron-billed sparrow Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay

This genus includes species traditionally placed in Buarremon and Lysurus.[8][9][10]

Ridgely, Robert S.; Tudor, Guy (2009). Birds of South America: Passerines. Helm Field Guides. London: Christopher Helm. p. 641. ISBN 978-1-408-11342-4.
Vieillot, Louis Jean Pierre (1816). Analyse d'une Nouvelle Ornithologie Élémentaire (in French). Paris: Deterville/self. p. 32.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 56. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Buffon, Georges-Louis Leclerc de (1780). "L'Oiseau Silencieux". Histoire Naturelle des Oiseaux (in French). Vol. 7. Paris: De l'Imprimerie Royale. pp. 429–430.
Paynter, Raymond A. Jr, ed. (1970). Check-List of Birds of the World. Vol. 13. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 182.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (2020). "New World Sparrows, Bush Tanagers". IOC World Bird List Version 10.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
"Species Updates – IOC World Bird List". Retrieved 2021-01-12.
Cadena, C.D.; Klicka, J.; Ricklefs, R.E. (2007). "Evolutionary differentiation in the Neotropical montane region: Molecular phylogenetics and phylogeography of Buarremon brush-finches (Aves, Emberizidae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 44 (3): 993–1016. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.12.012. PMID 17275342.
Cadena, Carlos Daniel; Cuervo, Andrés M. (2010). "Molecules, ecology, morphology, and songs in concert: how many species is Arremon torquatus (Aves: Emberizidae)?". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 99 (1): 152–176. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2009.01333.x.
Donegan, T.M.; Avendaño-C, J.E.; Briceño-L, E.R.; Huertas, B. (2007). "Range extensions, taxonomic and ecological notes from Serranía de los Yariguíes, Colombia's new national park": 172–212.

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