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Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Psittaciformes
Familia: Psittacidae
Subfamilia: Psittacinae
Tribus: Arini
Genus: Brotogeris
Species: B. tirica - B. versicolurus - B. chiriri - B. pyrrhopterus - B. jugularis - B. cyanoptera - B. sanctithomae - B. chrysoptera

Name

Brotogeris Vigors, 1825

Brotogeris is a genus of small parrots endemic to Central and South America. Their closest relative is the monk parakeet.[1][2][3][4] They eat seeds and fruit.[5] The word brotogeris means "having the voice of a human". In the language of their native countries, which is mostly Spanish, they are called pericos - the translation of which is "parakeet". Their average lifespan is 15 years, although some have been reported to have lived up to 35 years. Also, the bird was found in Rio Grande do Sul in South America.

Taxonomy

List of species of the genus:

Yellow-chevroned parakeet, B. chiriri (also called canary-winged parakeet)
Golden-winged parakeet, B. chrysoptera
Cobalt-winged parakeet, B. cyanoptera
Orange-chinned parakeet, B. jugularis (also called Tovi parakeet)[5]
Grey-cheeked parakeet, B. pyrrhoptera
Tui parakeet, B. sanctithomae
Plain parakeet, B. tirica
White-winged parakeet, B. versicolorus

Phylogeny

The species of the genus Brotogeris form a monophyletic group[4] whose closest relative is the monk parakeet.[1][2][3][4] The species are positioned in two separate clades.


 
 
 

Brotogeris tirica

 
 
 

Brotogeris versicolurus

 

Brotogeris chiriri

 

Brotogeris sanctithomae

 
 
 

Brotogeris pyrrhoptera

 

Brotogeris jugularis

 
 

Brotogeris cyanoptera

 

Brotogeris chrysoptera

 

Myiopsitta

References

Tavares, E.S.; Baker, A.J.; Pereira, S.L.; Miyaki, C.Y. (2006). "Phylogenetic relationships and historical biogeography of Neotropical parrots (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae: Arini) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences". Systematic Biology. 55 (3): 454–470. doi:10.1080/10635150600697390. PMID 16861209.
Ribas, C.C.; Moyle, R.G.; Miyaki, C.Y.; Cracraft, J. (2007a). "The assembly of montane biotas: linking Andean tectonics and climatic oscillations to independent regimes of diversification in Pionus parrots". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 274 (1624): 2399–2408. doi:10.1098/rspb.2007.0613. PMC 2274971. PMID 17686731.
Wright, T.F.; Schirtzinger E. E.; Matsumoto T.; Eberhard J. R.; Graves G. R.; Sanchez J. J.; Capelli S.; Muller H.; Scharpegge J.; Chambers G. K.; Fleischer R. C. (2008). "A Multilocus Molecular Phylogeny of the Parrots (Psittaciformes): Support for a Gondwanan Origin during the Cretaceous". Mol Biol Evol. 25 (10): 2141–2156. doi:10.1093/molbev/msn160. PMC 2727385. PMID 18653733.
Ribas, C. C.; Miyaki, C. Y.; Cracraft, J. (2009). "Phylogenetic relationships, diversification and biogeography in Neotropical Brotogeris parakeets". Journal of Biogeography. 36 (9): 1712–1729. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2009.02131.x.

Alderton, David (2003). The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Caged and Aviary Birds. London, England: Hermes House. p. 196. ISBN 1-84309-164-X.


Further reading
Bencke, Glayson A., 2010.New and significant bird records from Rio Grande do Sul, with comments on biogeography and conservation of the southern Brazilian avifauna. IHERINGIA SERIE ZOOLOGIA, 100(4), 391-402. 10.1590/S0073-47212010000400014

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