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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea

Familia: Calcariidae
Genus: Calcarius
Species:
C. lapponicus - C. ornatus - C. pictusName

Calcarius Bechstein, 1802
Vernacular names
English: Longspur

The longspurs, genus Calcarius, are a group of birds in the family Calcariidae. The name refers to the long claw on the hind toe of each foot. The genus formerly included the thick-billed longspur, Rhyncophanes mccownii, which is now placed in a separate genus.

These are chunky ground-feeding birds with long wings which are usually seen in open areas. Males declare ownership of a territory by singing during short flights over it. The male's breeding plumage is much brighter than his winter plumage. These birds gather in large flocks in winter. The longspurs are all found in North America; the Lapland longspur, or Lapland bunting, is also found in Europe and Asia.
Species

The species are:

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Lapland Longspur - Calcarius lapponicus - Sportittlingur 3.jpg Calcarius lapponicus Lapland longspur, or Lapland bunting Arctic Europe and the Palearctic and in Canada and the northernmost United States
Smith's Longspur - first winter bird (8160073644).jpg Calcarius pictus Smith's longspur northern Canada and Alaska.
Chestnut-Collared Longspur - 2nd Maine Record.jpg Calcarius ornatus Chestnut-collared longspur central Canada and the north central United States


The genus name Calcarius is from Latin calcaria, "spurs".[1]
References

Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London, United Kingdom: Christopher Helm. p. 84. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.

BirdsĀ Images

Biology Encyclopedia

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