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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Ordo: Charadriiformes
Subordo: Charadrii

Familia: Scolopacidae
Genus: Calidris
Species: C. acuminata – C. alba - C. alpina - C. bairdii - C. canutus – C. falcinellus – C. ferruginea - C. fuscicollis – C. himantopus – C. maritima – C. mauri – C. melanotos - C. minuta – C. minutilla – C. ptilocnemis – C. pugnax – C. pusilla – C. pygmaea – C. ruficollis – C. subminuta – C. subruficollis – C. temminckii – C. tenuirostris – C. virgata

Name

Calidris Merrem, 1804
Typus

Tringa canutus Linnaeus, 1758, = Calidris canutus

References

Allgemeine literatur-zeitung 1804 (2): no.168: 542.

Vernacular names
dansk: Ryle
Deutsch: Schnepfenvögel
English: Sandpiper
Esperanto: Kalidro
français: Bécasseau
magyar: Partfutó
ქართული: მექვიშია
lietuvių: Bėgikai
Kiswahili: Chokowe

Calidris is a genus of Arctic-breeding, strongly migratory wading birds in the family Scolopacidae. The genus name is from Ancient Greek kalidris or skalidris, a term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds.[1]

These birds form huge mixed flocks on coasts and estuaries in winter. They are the typical "sandpipers", small to medium-sized, long-winged and relatively short-billed.

Their bills have sensitive tips which contain numerous corpuscles of Herbst. This enables the birds to locate buried prey items, which they typically seek with restless running and probing.[2]
Species in taxonomic order

The genus contain 24 species:[3]

Great knot, Calidris tenuirostris
Red knot, Calidris canutus
Sanderling, Calidris alba
Semipalmated sandpiper, Calidris pusilla
Western sandpiper, Calidris mauri
Red-necked stint, Calidris ruficollis
Little stint, Calidris minuta
Temminck's stint, Calidris temminckii
Long-toed stint, Calidris subminuta
Least sandpiper, Calidris minutilla
White-rumped sandpiper, Calidris fuscicollis
Baird's sandpiper, Calidris bairdii
Pectoral sandpiper, Calidris melanotos
Sharp-tailed sandpiper, Calidris acuminata
Curlew sandpiper, Calidris ferruginea
Purple sandpiper, Calidris maritima
Rock sandpiper, Calidris ptilocnemis
Dunlin, Calidris alpina
Stilt sandpiper, Calidris himantopus
Buff-breasted sandpiper, Calidris subruficollis
Spoon-billed sandpiper, Calidris pygmaea
Broad-billed sandpiper, Calidris falcinellus
Ruff, Calidris pugnax
Surfbird, Calidris virgata

References

Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 84. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Nebel, S.; Jackson, D.L.; Elner, R.W. (2005). "Functional association of bill morphology and foraging behaviour in calidrid sandpipers" (PDF). Animal Biology. 55 (3): 235–243. doi:10.1163/1570756054472818. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-10. Retrieved 2016-06-03.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2019). "Sandpipers, snipes, coursers". World Bird List Version 9.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 26 June 2019.

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