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Calidris minuta

Calidris minuta (*)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Subordo: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Ordo: Charadriiformes
Subordo: Charadrii

Familia: Scolopacidae
Genus: Calidris
Species: Calidris minuta
Name

Calidris minuta (Leisler, 1812)
Synonyms

Tringa minuta (protonym)

References

Nachträge zu Bechsteins Naturgeschichte Deutschlands 1: 74.
IUCN: Calidris minuta (Least Concern)

Vernacular names
Afrikaans: Kleinstrandloper
العربية: دريجة صغيرة
asturianu: Mazaricu Nanu
azərbaycanca: Sərçəvi qumluqca
беларуская: Кулік-верабей
български: Малък брегобегач
বাংলা: ছোট চাপাখি
brezhoneg: Sourouc'han bihan
català: Territ menut comú
čeština: Jespák malý
Cymraeg: Pibydd bach
dansk: Dværgryle
Deutsch: Zwergstrandläufer
Ελληνικά: Νανονεραλλίδι
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Premavera
English: Little Stint
Esperanto: Malgranda kalidro
español: Correlimos menudo
eesti: Väikerüdi
euskara: Txirri txiki
فارسی: تلیله کوچک
suomi: Pikkusirri
føroyskt: Dvørggrælingur
Nordfriisk: Kleipraker
français: Bécasseau minute
Gaeilge: Gobadáinín Beag
galego: Pilriño patimouro
Gaelg: Looyran beg
עברית: חופית קטנה
hrvatski: Mali Žalar
magyar: Apró partfutó
հայերեն: Կտցար ճնճղուկ
íslenska: Veimiltíta
italiano: Gambecchio comune
日本語: ヨーロッパトウネン
ქართული: კოკორინა-ბეღურა
қазақша: Құмғақша
한국어: 작은도요
Lëtzebuergesch: Zwergsandleefer
lietuvių: Mažasis begikas
latviešu: Trulītis
македонски: Мал свиркач
മലയാളം: കുരുവി മണലൂതി
монгол: Одой элсэг - ᠣᠳᠣᠢ ᠡᠯᠰᠡᠭ
Bahasa Melayu: Burung Kedidi Kerdil
Malti: Tertuxa
Napulitano: Turulillo
नेपाली: कालीखुट्टे जलरङ्क
Nederlands: Kleine Strandloper
norsk nynorsk: Dvergsnipe
norsk: Dvergsnipe
polski: Biegus malutki
پنجابی: نکا سٹنٹ
português: Pilrito-pequeno
rumantsch: Rivarel nanin
română: Fugaci mic
русский: Кулик-воробей
саха тыла: Кырбас-бараах
davvisámegiella: Uhcacovzoš
slovenčina: Pobrežník malý
slovenščina: Mali prodnik
shqip: Gjelaci i vogël
српски / srpski: Мала спрутка
Sesotho: Tsititsiti-nyenyane
svenska: Småsnäppa
Kiswahili: Chokowe Mdogo
தமிழ்: கொசு உள்ளான்
ไทย: นกสติ๊นท์เล็ก
Türkçe: Küçük kum kuşu
українська: Побережник малий
vèneto: Becanèla
Tiếng Việt: Dẽ nhỏ
中文: 小濱鷸

The little stint (Calidris minuta) (or Erolia minuta), is a very small wader. It breeds in arctic Europe and Asia, and is a long-distance migrant, wintering south to Africa and south Asia. It occasionally is a vagrant to North America and to Australia. The genus name is from Ancient Greek kalidris or skalidris, a term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds. The specific minuta is Latin for "small.[2]

Description

Its small size, fine dark bill, dark legs and quicker movements distinguish this species from all waders except the other dark-legged stints. It can be distinguished from these in all plumages by its combination of a fine bill tip, unwebbed toes and long primary projection. The call is a sharp "stit".

The breeding adult has an orange wash to the breast, a white throat and a strong white V on its back. In winter plumage identification is difficult. Juveniles have pale crown stripes and a pinkish breast.

An apparent hybrid between this species and Temminck's stint has been reported from the Netherlands.[3]
Population dynamics

The numbers of this species (and of curlew sandpiper) depend on the population of lemmings. In poor lemming years, predatory species such as skuas and snowy owls take Arctic-breeding waders instead.

It is gregarious in winter, sometimes forming large flocks with other Calidris waders, particularly dunlin, on coastal mudflats or the edges of inland pools.

The little stint is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies.
Nesting

This bird nests on a scrape in bare ground, laying 3–5 eggs. It is polygamous, and male and female may incubate separate clutches.
Egg, Collection Museum Wiesbaden, Germany
Food

Food is small invertebrates picked off the mud.

References

BirdLife International (2012). "Calidris minuta". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. pp. 84, 256. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.

Jonsson, Lars (1996). "Mystery stint at Groote Keeten: First known hybrid between Little and Temminck's Stint?". Dutch Birding. 18: 24–28.

Further reading
Identification
Jonsson, Lars; Grant, Peter J. (1984). "Identification of stints and peeps". British Birds. 77 (7): 293–315.

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