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Circaetus pectoralis

Circaetus pectoralis (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Falconiformes
Familia: Accipitridae
Subfamilia: Circaetinae
Genus: Circaetus
Species: Circaetus pectoralis

Name

Circaetus pectoralis A. Smith, 1829

References

* IUCN link: Circaetus pectoralis A. Smith (Least Concern)
* South African Commercial Advertiser 4


Vernacular names
Afrikaans: Swartborsslangarend
Česky: Orlík tmavoprsý
Deutsch: Schwarzbrust-Schlangenadler
English: Black-chested Snake-Eagle
Español: Culebrera Pechinegra
Français: Circaète à poitrine noire
Magyar: Feketemellű kígyászölyv
日本語: ムナグロチュウヒワシ

The Black-chested Snake Eagle (Circaetus pectoralis) is a large African bird of prey of the Accipitridae family. It resembles other snake-eagles and was once believed to be conspecific with the Short-toed Snake Eagle and Beaudouin's Snake Eagle.

The main identification character of this bird is its dark brown head and chest, to which it owes its name. In flight the dark head contrasts with the underparts and underwings, which are white apart from dark barring on the flight feathers and tail. The upperparts are dark brown, and the eye is yellow.

The female is similar to, but larger than the male, and the juvenile is rufous.

The call is a whistled kwo kwo kwo kweeoo.

This species can be found throughout southern Africa from Ethiopia and Sudan in the north to South Africa in the south and Angola in the southwest.

It inhabits different habitats, providing it can find open terrain to hunt on, trees to perch and nest in, and sufficient food supply. This includes semi-arid or even desert areas.

As its name indicates, this bird feeds mostly on snakes, but will also prey on lizards, small mammals and frogs.

The female will lay only one egg per clutch, which is incubated for 50 days. The chick leaves the nest after 3 months.

Due to its wide distribution this species is not endangered.
References

BirdLife International (2006). Circaetus pectoralis. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 12 May 2006.
Brown, Leslie and Dean Amadon(1968).Eagles, Hawks and Falcons of the World vol.1, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.
Ian Sinclair, Phil Hockey and Warwick Tarboton, SASOL Birds of Southern Africa (Struik 2002) ISBN 1-86872-721-1

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License