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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Telluraves
Cladus: Australaves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Tyranni
Infraordo: Tyrannides
Parvordo: Tyrannida

Familia: Tyrannidae
Genus: Cnipodectes
Species: C. subbrunneus – C. superrufus

Cnipodectes P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1873

Typus: Cyclorhynchus subbrunneus P.L. Sclater, 1860 = Cnipodectes subbrunneus

Primary references

Sclater, P.L. & Salvin, O. 1873. On the Birds of Eastern Peru. With notes on the Habits of the Birds, by Edward Bartlett. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London Pt.2: 252–311. BHL Reference page. Original description p. 281 BHL


Lane, D., Servat, G.P., Valqui H., T. & Lambert, F.R. 2007. A distinctive new species of Tyrant flycatcher (Passerifomes: Tyrannidae: Cnipodectes) from south-eastern Peru. Auk. 124(3): 762–772. Full article (PDF)Reference page.

Twistwings are two species of Tyrant flycatchers from the genus Cnipodectes. They are restricted to northern and western South America and southern Central America. The genus was monotypic until a new species, Cnipodectes superrufus, was described from Peru and Bolivia in 2007.[1] Their common name refers to the modified primaries. The genus contains two species.[2]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Cnipodectes subbrunneus - Brownish twistwing, Careiro, Amazonas, Brazil.jpg Cnipodectes subbrunneus brownish flycatcher, Brownish twistwing Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and Peru.
Cnipodectes superrufus Rufous twistwing south-eastern Peru, northern Bolivia and far western Brazil


Lane, D.F. et al. 2007. A distinctive new species of tyrant flycatcher (Passeriformes: Tyrannidae: Cnipodectes) from Southeastern Peru. The Auk 124:762–772
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2019). "Tyrant flycatchers". World Bird List Version 9.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 29 June 2019.

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