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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Galloanseres
Ordo: Galliformes

Familia: Phasianidae
Subfamilia: Phasianinae
Genus: Crossoptilon
Species: C. auritum - C. crossoptilon - C. harmani - C. mantchuricum


Crossoptilon Hodgson, 1838

The Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 7 p. 864

Vernacular names
English: Eared Pheasant
Esperanto: Orfazano
español: Faisanes orejudos
suomi: Korvafasaanit
italiano: Fagiani orecchiuti
lietuvių: Ausuotieji fazanai
中文: 马鸡属

Eared pheasants are pheasants from the genus Crossoptilon in the family Phasianidae. Established by Brian Houghton Hodgson in 1838, the genus contains four species:[1]
Image Name Common name Distribution

Image Name Common name Distribution
WhiteEaredPheasant.jpg Crossoptilon crossoptilon White eared pheasant China, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan, and Tibet
Crossoptilon harmani Tibetan eared pheasant southeast Tibet and adjacent northern India
Crossoptilon mantchuricum -USA -captive-8a.jpg Crossoptilon mantchuricum Brown eared pheasant northeastern China (Shanxi and nearby provinces)
Pheasant at Sudeley Castle (5109).jpg Crossoptilon auritum Blue eared pheasant central China

The name Crossoptilon is a combination of the Greek words krossoi, meaning "fringe" and ptilon, meaning "feather"— a name Hodgson felt particularly applied to the white eared pheasant "distinguished amongst all its congeners by its ample fringe-like plumage, the dishevelled quality of which is communicated even to the central tail feathers".[2] All are large, sexually monomorphic and found in China.[3]

"ITIS Report: Crossoptilon". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Names. London, UK: Christopher Helm. p. 123. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
McGowan, Phil; Madge, Steve (2010). Pheasants, Partridges & Grouse: Including buttonquails, sandgrouse and allies. London, UK: Christopher Helm. p. 312. ISBN 0-7136-3966-0.

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