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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Telluraves
Cladus: Australaves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea

Familia: Thraupidae
Genus: Diglossa
Species: D. albilatera - D. baritula - D. brunneiventris – D. caerulescens – D. carbonaria – D. cyanea – D. duidae – D. glauca – D. gloriosa – D. gloriosissima – D. humeralis – D. indigotica – D. lafresnayii – D. major – D. mystacalis – D. plumbea – D. sittoides – D. venezuelensis

Name

Diglossa Wagler, 1832

Typus: Diglossa baritula Wagler, 1832

Synonyms

Serrirostrum d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838 Mag.Zool. p. 24 BHL
Uncirostrum Lafresnaye, 1839 Rev.Zool. p. 100 BHL
Agrilorhinus Bonaparte, 1838
Diglossopis P.L. Sclater, 1856 Ann.Mag.Nat.Hist. p. 467 BHL
Tephrodiglossa Cassin, 1864 Proc.Acad.Nat.Sci.Philadelphia p. 273 BHL
Pyrrhodiglossa Cassin, 1864 Proc.Acad.Nat.Sci.Philadelphia p. 274 BHL
Cyanodiglossa Cassin, 1864 Proc.Acad.Nat.Sci.Philadelphia p. 274 BHL
Melanodiglossa Cassin, 1864 Proc.Acad.Nat.Sci.Philadelphia p. 274 BHL

References
Primary references

Wagler, J.G. 1832. Mittheilungen über einige merkwürdige Thiere. Isis von Oken 25: 275–282. BHL (German) Reference page. First availability p. 280 BHL

Additional references

Mauck, W.M. & Burns, K.J. 2009. Phylogeny, biogeography, and recurrent evolution of divergent bill types in the nectar-stealing flowerpiercers (Thraupini: Diglossa and Diglossopis). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 98(1): 14-28. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8312.2009.01278.xReference page.

Vernacular names
English: Flowerpiercer
español: Pinchaflor
português: fura-flor

Diglossa is a genus in the family Thraupidae. They are commonly known as flowerpiercers because of their habit of piercing the base of flowers to access nectar that otherwise would be out of reach. This is done with their highly modified bill, which is typically upswept, with a hook at the tip. Most members of the genus Diglossa are found in highlands of South America (especially the Andes), but two species are found in Central America.
Rusty flowerpiercer, female, piercing the base of an Abutilon flower to access the nectar inside.
Taxonomy and species list

The genus Diglossa was introduced by the German naturalist Johann Georg Wagler in 1832 with the cinnamon-bellied flowerpiercer (Diglossa baritula) as the type species.[1][2] The genus name is from the Ancient Greek diglōssos meaning "double-tongued" or "speaking two languages".[3] The genus now includes 18 species.[4]

Golden-eyed flowerpiercer, Diglossa glauca
Bluish flowerpiercer, Diglossa caerulescens
Masked flowerpiercer, Diglossa cyanea
Indigo flowerpiercer, Diglossa indigotica
Rusty flowerpiercer, Diglossa sittoides
Slaty flowerpiercer, Diglossa plumbea
Cinnamon-bellied flowerpiercer, Diglossa baritula
Moustached flowerpiercer, Diglossa mystacalis
Glossy flowerpiercer, Diglossa lafresnayii
Chestnut-bellied flowerpiercer, Diglossa gloriosissima
Scaled flowerpiercer, Diglossa duidae
Greater flowerpiercer, Diglossa major
Venezuelan flowerpiercer, Diglossa venezuelensis
White-sided flowerpiercer, Diglossa albilatera
Grey-bellied flowerpiercer, Diglossa carbonaria
Black-throated flowerpiercer, Diglossa brunneiventris
Mérida flowerpiercer, Diglossa gloriosa
Black flowerpiercer, Diglossa humeralis

References

Wagler, Johann Georg (1832). "Mittheilungen über einige merkwürdige Thiere". Isis von Oken (in German). cols 275–282 [280–281].
Paynter, Raymond A. Jr, ed. (1970). Check-List of Birds of the World. Vol. 13. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 399.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 136. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.

Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (July 2020). "Tanagers and allies". IOC World Bird List Version 10.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 16 October 2020.

Further reading

Mauck, William M. III; Burns, Kevin J. (2009). "Phylogeny, biogeography, and recurrent evolution of divergent bill types in the nectar-stealing flowerpiercers (Thraupini: Diglossa and Diglossopis)". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 98 (1): 14–28. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2009.01278.x.
Ridgely, R. S., & Tudor, G. (1989). Birds of South America. Vol. 1. Oxford University Press, Oxford. ISBN 0-19-857217-4

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