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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Ordo: Piciformes

Familia: Picidae
Subfamilia: Picinae
Genus: Dinopium
Species: D. benghalense – D. everetti – D. javanense – D. psarodes – D. rafflesii - D. shorii
D. benghalense - D. javanense - D. rafflesii -

Name

Dinopium Rafinesque, 1814
Typus

Picus javanensis Ljungh, 1797 = Dinopium javanense
References

Principes Fondamentaux de Somiologie. p.2
Fernando, S.P., Irwin, D.E. & Seneviratne, S.S. 2015. Phenotypic and genetic analysis support distinct species status of the Red-backed Woodpecker (Lesser Sri Lanka Flameback: Dinopium psarodes) of Sri Lanka. The Auk 133(3):497-511. DOI: 10.1642/AUK-15-233.1 Reference page.

Dinopium is a genus of birds in the woodpecker family Picidae. The species are found in South and Southeast Asia.

The genus was introduced by the French polymath Constantine Samuel Rafinesque in 1814 to accommodate the common flameback (Dinopium javanense).[1][2] The name combines the Classical Greek deinos meaning "mighty" or "huge" and ōps/ōpos meaning "appearance".[3]

A large phylogenetic study of the woodpecker family Picidae published in 2017 found that the genus was paraphyletic. The olive-backed woodpecker (Dinopium rafflesii) is more closely related to the pale-headed woodpecker (Gecinulus grantia) than it is to other members of the genus Dinopium.[4]
Species

As presently constituted, the genus contains the following 5 species:[5]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Himalayan Flameback (Dinopium shorii) female (21492912679) (2).jpg Dinopium shorii Himalayan flameback Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, and Nepal
Common Flame-back Woodpecker.jpg Dinopium javanense Common flameback Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam
TigaEverettiSmit.jpg Dinopium everetti Spot-throated flameback island of Palawan in the Philippines.
Flameback Woodpecker.jpg Dinopium benghalense Black-rumped flameback Pakistan, India south of the Himalayas and east till the western Assam valley and Meghalaya, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka
Red-backed flameback - Sri Lanka - 02.jpg Dinopium psarodes Red-backed flameback Sri Lanka

Taxon identifiers

Wikidata: Q148764 Wikispecies: Dinopium BOLD: 115472 GBIF: 5228802 iNaturalist: 18371 ITIS: 553534 NCBI: 367956 Plazi: 64C031D8-EBBE-C5BA-4558-28AE773FE8B5 ZooBank: 26534555-C95A-4954-8181-1FA6967AE213

References

Rafinesque, Constantine Samuel (1814). Principes Fondamentaux de Somiologie (in French). Palerme. Inside front cover.
Peters, James Lee, ed. (1948). Check-List of Birds of the World. Volume 6. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 143.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 136. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Shakya, S.B.; Fuchs, J.; Pons, J.-M.; Sheldon, F.H. (2017). "Tapping the woodpecker tree for evolutionary insight". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 116: 182–191. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2017.09.005. PMID 28890006.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (2020). "Woodpeckers". IOC World Bird List Version 10.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 17 May 2020.

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