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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea

Familia: Alaudidae
Genus: Eremophila
Species: E. alpestris - E. bilopha

Name

Eremophila Boie, 1828

Typus

Alauda alpestris Linnaeus, 1758, eastern Canada, = Eremophila alpestris

References

Isis von Oken 21: 322.
Drovetski, S. V., Raković, M., Semenov, G., Fadeev, I. V., & Red'kin, Y. A. (2014). Limited Phylogeographic Signal in Sex-Linked and Autosomal Loci Despite Geographically, Ecologically, and Phenotypically Concordant Structure of mtDNA Variation in the Holarctic Avian Genus Eremophila. PLOS One 9 (1): 87570 pdf (note: shows that E. alpestris as currently circumscribed is paraphyletic with respect to E. bilopha).

Vernacular names
English: Horned larks

The bird genus Eremophila comprises the two horned larks.

Taxonomy and systematics

The current genus name is from Ancient Greek eremos, "desert", and phileo, "to love".[1]
Extant species

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Shore Lark.jpg Eremophila alpestris Horned lark Europe
Temminck's Lark - Boumelne Marocco 07 2990 (16327387013).jpg Eremophila bilopha Temminck's lark Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia and Western Sahara

Extinct species

There is at least one fossil species included in this genus:

†Eremophila prealpestris (late Pliocene of Varshets, Bulgaria)[2]

Description

Unlike most other larks, these are distinctive looking species with striking head and face patterns, black and white in Temminck's lark and black and yellow in most horned larks. In the summer males of both species have black "horns", which give these larks their alternative names.
Distribution and habitat

These are larks of open country which nest on the ground. The migratory horned lark breeds across much of northern North America, Europe and Asia and in the mountains of Europe. Temminck's lark is mainly a resident breeding species across much of north Africa, through northern Arabia to western Iraq.
References

Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 148. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Boev, Z. 2012. Neogene Larks (Aves: Alaudidae (Vigors, 1825)) from Bulgaria - Acta zoologica bulgarica, 64 (3), 2012: 295-318.

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