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Eudromia elegans

Eudromia elegans, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Palaeognathae
Ordo: Tinamiformes
Familia: Tinamidae
Subfamilia: Rhynchotinae
Genus: Eudromia
Species: Eudromia elegans
Subspecies: E. e. albida - E. e. devia - E. e. elegans - E. e. intermedia - E. e. magnistriata - E. e. multiguttata - E. e. numida - E. e. patagonica - E. e. riojana - E. e. wetmorei

Name

Eudromia elegans

Vernacular names
Internationalization
Česky: Tinama argentinská
Español: Martineta común
Türkçe: Tepeli tinamu

References

* Mag.Zool. 2 cl.2 p.3 pl.1

The Elegant Crested Tinamou or Martineta Tinamou, Eudromia elegans, is a medium-sized tinamou that can be found in southern Chile and Argentina[3] in shrubland.[4]

Etymology

Eudromia comes from two Greek words, eu meaning well or nicely, and dromos meaning a running escape. These definitions together mean, nice running escape, which refers to their habit of escaping predators by running. Finally, elegans means neat or elegant, and martinete is Spanish for night heron because its elegant crest is reminiscent of a night heron's crest.[5]
Taxonomy

All Tinamou are from the family Tinamidae, and in the larger scheme are also Ratites. Unlike other Ratites, Tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. All ratites evolved from prehistoric flying birds, and Tinamous are the closest living relative of these birds.[6]

Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire first identified the Elegant Crested Tinamou from a specimen from South America, in 1832.[6]
Subspecies

E. e. elegans, the nominate race, occurs in central Argentina; Neuquén and Rio Negro Provinces[3]
E. e. intermedia occurs in the Andes of northwestern Argentina; Salta and Catamarca Provinces[3]
E. e. magnistriata occurs in the Andes of northwestern Argentina; Tucumán and northern Córdoba Provinces[3]
E. e. riojana occurs in the Andes of northwestern Argentina; La Rioja and San Juan Provinces[3]
E. e. albida occurs in the dry savannah of western Argentina, in San Juan Province[3]
E. e. multiguttata occurs in the dry grasslands of east-central Argentina[3]
E. e. devia occurs at the base of the Andes in southwestern Argentina in Neuquén Province[3]
E. e. patagonica occurs in southern Argentina; Neuquén, Rio Negro, Chubut, and Santa Cruz Provinces and adjacent southern Chile; Biobío to Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena Provinces[3]
E. e. numida occurs in dry grasslands of central Argentina[3]
E. e. wetmorei occurs in the Andean foothills of north central Mendoza Province, western Argentina[3]

Description

The Elegant-crested Tinamou averages 39–41 cm (15–16 in) long. The species is a dark or yellowish brown partridge-like bird with a short tail and wings, two white stripes on each side of its face and a long crest with an upward pointed tip. The feet have no hind toes and the bluish or greyish legs are short and strong, as they are highly terrestrial bird.
Habitats

The Elegant Crested Tinamou is typically found in the lowland dry shrubland, also in the higher elevations (2,500 m (8,200 ft)), and farmland too. [4]
Behavior

The diet, during the winter, consists mainly of seeds, leaves, fruit and insects, but in the summer it east mainly insects. The nest is a hollow on the ground formed by both birds and situated close to a low bush.[7] The male incubates the eggs and raises the young. When the young chicks hatch, they are down-covered and can run. They leave the nest almost immediately.[7] This Tinamou, unlike others, flocks regularly, especially in winter.

The call is a loud sad whistle.[6]

Conservation

Although this species is heavily hunted for food and sport, the Elegant Crested Tinamou is not uncommon and has a large range of 1,400,000 km2 (540,000 sq mi).[4] It is evaluated as Least Concern of the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species[1].
Footnotes

^ a b BirdLife International (2008)
^ a b c d e f g h i j k Brand, S. (2008)
^ a b c d e f g h i j k Clements, J. (2007)
^ a b c BirdLife International (2008)(a)
^ Gotch, A. F. (1995)
^ a b c Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003)
^ a b Harrison, C. & Greensmith, A. (1993)

References

BirdLife International (2008). Eudromia elegans. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 12 Feb 2009.
BirdLife International (2008(a)). "Elegant-crested Tinamou - BirdLife Species Factsheet". Data Zone. Retrieved 12 Feb 2009.
Brands, Sheila (Aug 14 2008). "Systema Naturae 2000 / Classification, Eudromia elegans". Project: The Taxonomicon. Retrieved 12 Feb 2009.
Clements, James (2007). The Clements Checklist of the Birds of the World (6 ed.). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. ISBN 978 0 8014 4501 9.
Davies, S.J.J.F. (2003). "Tinamous". In Hutchins, Michael. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. 8 Birds I Tinamous and Ratites to Hoatzins (2 ed.). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group. pp. 57–59, 66. ISBN 0 7876 5784 0.
Gotch, A. F. (1995) [1979]. "Tinamous". Latin Names Explained. A Guide to the Scientific Classifications of Reptiles, Birds & Mammals. New York, NY: Facts on File. p. 183. ISBN 0 8160 3377 3.
Harrison, Colin; Greensmith, Alan (1993). "Non-Passerines". In Bunting, Edward. Birds of the World (First ed.). New York, NY: Dorling Kindersley. p. 43. ISBN 1 56458 295 7.

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Source: Wikipedia , Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License