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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Tyranni
Infraordo: Eurylaimides
Superfamilia: Eurylaimoidea

Familia: Eurylaimidae

Genera: Calyptomena - Corydon - Cymbirhynchus - Eurylaimus - Psarisomus - Pseudocalyptomena - Sarcophanops - Serilophus - Smithornis

Name

Eurylaimidae
References
References

Irestedt, M., Ohlson, J.I., Zuccon, D., Källersjö, M. & Ericson, P. 2006. Nuclear DNA from old collections of avian study skins reveals the evolutionary history of the Old World suboscines (Aves: Passeriformes). Zoologica Scripta 35(6): 567–580. DOI: 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2006.00249.x Full article (PDF). Reference page.

Vernacular names
беларуская: Шырокадзюбыя
Deutsch: Breitrachen
English: Broadbills
suomi: Harlekiinit
Nederlands: Breedbekken en Hapvogels
slovenščina: Širokokljuni
中文: 阔嘴鸟科

The Eurylaimidae are a family of suboscine passerine birds that occur from the eastern Himalayas to Indonesia and the Philippines. The family previously included the sapayoa from the Neotropics, the asities from Madagascar, and the Calyptomenidae from Africa, but these are now separated into distinct families.

Description

Many of the species are brightly coloured birds that present broad heads, large eyes and a hooked, flat and broad beak. They range from 13 to 28 centimetres in length, and live in the dense canopies of wet forests, allowing them to hide despite their brightly coloured plumage.[1] The plumage of the juveniles eurylaimids are similar to those of the adults, differing in being duller and shorter-winged and shorter-tailed in some cases.[2]
Behaviour and ecology

They are for the most part insectivorous and carnivorous. Prey taken include insects, spiders, centipedes, and millipedes, as well as lizards and tree frogs. Prey is obtained by sallying from a perch to snatch it in flight, and gleaning the prey off leaves and branches while flying. Some species may take some fruit, but only the green broadbills of the genus Calyptomena and the Grauer's broadbill are primarily frugivores (which also take some insects as well).

They are generally gregarious, with many species moving about in flocks of about 20 individuals. They attach their purse-shaped nests to suspended vines, and leave a tail of fibres hanging below it. This gives the nest the appearance of being random debris caught in the tree, an effect further enhanced by the birds covering the nest with lichen and spider webs.[1] Broadbills typically lay two to three eggs.
Taxonomy and systematics

The family includes nine species of which five are each placed in their own monotypic genera:[3]

Image Genus Living Species
Black-and-red Broadbill - Kang Kra Chan - Thailand S4E5132 (14071725919).jpg Cymbirhynchus Vigors, 1830
  • Black-and-red broadbill, Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos
Psarisomus dalhousiae - Kaeng Krachan.jpg Psarisomus Swainson, 1837
  • Long-tailed broadbill, Psarisomus dalhousiae
Serilophus lunatus by Jason Thompson.jpg Serilophus Swainson, 1837
  • Silver-breasted broadbill, Serilophus lunatus
Black-and-Yellow Broadbill - Thailand H8O6740.jpg Eurylaimus Horsfield, 1821
  • Banded broadbill, Eurylaimus javanicus
  • Black-and-yellow broadbill, Eurylaimus ochromalus
Sarcophanops steerii.jpg Sarcophanops Gould, 1877
  • Wattled broadbill, Sarcophanops steerii
  • Visayan broadbill, Sarcophanops samarensis
Corydon sumatranus - Khao Yai.jpg Corydon Lesson, 1828
  • Dusky broadbill, Corydon sumatranus
Pseudocalyptomena Rothschild, 1909
  • Grauer's broadbill, Pseudocalyptomena graueri

References

McClure, H. Elliott (1991). Forshaw, Joseph (ed.). Encyclopaedia of Animals: Birds. London: Merehurst Press. pp. 158–158. ISBN 1-85391-186-0.
del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Christie, D. (2003). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 8: Broadbills to Tapaculos. Lynx Edicions. ISBN 84-87334-50-4.

Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2019). "NZ wrens, Sapayoa, broadbills, asities, pittas". World Bird List Version 9.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 26 June 2019.

Further reading
Moyle, R.G.; Chesser, R.T.; Prum, R.O.; Schikler, P.; Cracraft, J. (2006). Phylogeny and evolutionary history of Old World suboscine birds (Aves: Eurylaimides). American Museum Novitates, Number 3544. New York: American Museum of Natural History.

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