Hellenica World

Ficedula albicollis

Ficedula albicollis (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Parvordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Muscicapoidea
Familia: Muscicapidae
Genus: Ficedula
Species: Ficedula albicollis

Name

Ficedula albicollis Temminck, 1815

Reference

Manuel d'ornithologie ed.1 (1814) p.100

Vernacular names
Internationalization
Български: Беловрата мухоловка
Česky: Lejsek bělokrký
Deutsch: Halsbandschnäpper
Ελληνικά: Κρικομυγοχάφτης
English: Collared Flycatcher
Italiano: Balia dal collare
Nederlands: Withalsvliegenvanger
Svenska: Halsbandsflugsnappare
Türkçe: Halkalı sinekkapan

The Collared Flycatcher, Ficedula albicollis, is a small passerine bird in the Old World flycatcher family, one of the four species of Western Palearctic black-and-white flycatchers. It breeds in southeast Europe (isolated populations in the islands of Gotland and Oland in the Baltic Sea, Sweden) and southwest Asia and is migratory, wintering in sub Sahara Africa. It is a rare vagrant in western Europe.

This is a 12-13.5 cm long bird. The breeding male is mainly black above and white below, with a white collar, large white wing patch, black tail (although some males have white tail sides) and a large white forehead patch. It has a pale rump. The bill is black and has the broad but pointed shape typical of aerial insectivores. As well as taking insects in flight, this species hunts caterpillars amongst the oak foliage, and will take berries.

Non-breeding males, females and juveniles have the black replaced by a pale brown, and may be very difficult to distinguish from other Fidecula flycatchers, particularly the European Pied Flycatcher and the Semicollared Flycatcher, with which this species hybridizes to a limited extent (Veen et al. 2001).

They are birds of deciduous woodlands, parks and gardens, with a preference for old trees with cavities in which it nests. They build an open nest in a tree hole, or man-made nest-boxes. Normally 5-7 eggs are laid. The song is slow strained whistles, quite unlike the Pied Flycatcher. Pied flycatchers can mimic the song of the Collared Flycatcher in sympatric populations (Haavie et al. 2004).

References

* BirdLife International (2004). Ficedula albicollis. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 12 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern

* Veen T., Borge T., Griffith S.C., Saetre G.P., Bures S., Gustafsson L. & Sheldon B.C. (2001) Hybridization and adaptive mate choice in flycatchers. Nature, 411, 45-50.

* J. Haavie, T. Borge, S. Bures, L. Z. Garamszegi, H. M. Lampe, J. Moreno, A. Qvarnström, J. Török, G.-P. Sætre (2004) Flycatcher song in allopatry and sympatry - convergence, divergence and reinforcement. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 17 (2), 227–237.

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