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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Ordo: Charadriiformes
Subordo: Charadrii

Familia: Glareolidae
Subfamilia: Glareolinae
Genus: Glareola
Species: Glareola nordmanni
Name

Glareola nordmanni Fischer, 1842
Vernacular names
Afrikaans: Swartvlerksprinkaanvoël
العربية: أبو اليسر أسود الجناح
azərbaycanca: Çöl haçaquyruq cüllüt
беларуская: Стэпавая ціркушка
български: Чернокрил огърличник
brezhoneg: Glareell daneskell du
català: Guatlereta de mar alanegra
čeština: Ouhorlík černokřídlý
Cymraeg: Cwtiadwennol aden-ddu
dansk: Sortvinget braksvale
Deutsch: Schwarzflügel-Brachschwalbe
Ελληνικά: Μαυρόφτερο Νεροχελίδονο
English: Black-winged pratincole
Esperanto: Stepglareolo
español: Canastera Alinegra
eesti: stepi-pääsujooksur
euskara: Perdiu de mar d'ala negra
suomi: Aropääskykahlaaja
føroyskt: Vongsvart vaðtritla
français: Glaréole à ailes noires
Gaeilge: Pratancól Dubheiteach
galego: Perdiu de mar d'ala negra
עברית: שדמית שחורת כנף
hrvatski: Crnokrila Pješcarka
magyar: Feketeszárnyú székicsér
հայերեն: Ծիծառակտցար տափաստանային
íslenska: Stepputrítill
italiano: Pernice di mare orientale
日本語: ハグロツバメチドリ
ქართული: ველის მერცხალა
қазақша: Дала қарақасы
lietuvių: Juodasparnė dirvakregždė
latviešu: Melnspārnu bezdelīgtārtiņš
македонски: Пешчарка
Nederlands: Steppevorkstaartplevier
norsk: Steppebrakksvale
polski: Żwirowiec stepowy
português: Perdiz-do-mar-d'asa-preta
rumantsch: Glariel da l'ala naira
română: Ciovlică negrie
русский: Степная тиркушка
slovenčina: Prieložník čiernokrídly
slovenščina: črna komatna tekica
српски / srpski: Crnokrili zijavac / Црнокрили зијавац
Sesotho: Lehlakangoato
svenska: Svartvingad vadarsvala
Kiswahili: Bwabwaja Bawa-jeusi
Türkçe: Kara kanatlı bataklık kırlangıcı
українська: Дерихвіст степовий
中文: 黑翅燕鸻

The black-winged pratincole (Glareola nordmanni) is a wader in the pratincole bird family, Glareolidae. The genus name is a diminutive of Latin glarea, "gravel", referring to a typical nesting habitat for pratincoles. The species name commemorates the Finnish-born zoologist and explorer Alexander von Nordmann.[2]

An unusual feature of the pratincoles is that, although classed as waders, they typically hunt their insect prey on the wing like swallows, although they can also feed on the ground.

The black-winged pratincole is a bird of open country and is often seen near water in the evening, hawking for insects. This pratincole is found in warmer parts of south east Europe and south west Asia. Its 2–4 eggs are laid on the ground. It is migratory, wintering in tropical Africa, and is rare north or west of the breeding range.

It is 24–28 cm (9.4–11.0 in) long, with short legs, long pointed wings and a forked tail. It has a short bill, which is an adaptation to aerial feeding. The back and head are brown, and the wings are brown with black flight feathers. The belly is white and the underwings are black.

Very good views are needed to distinguish this species from other pratincoles, such as the collared pratincole and the oriental pratincole which may occur in its range. It is marginally larger than the collared pratincole, and is shorter-tailed and longer legged.

Although the dark underwing and lack of a white trailing edge to the wing are diagnostic, these features are not always readily seen in the field, especially as the chestnut underwing of the collared pratincole appears black unless excellent views are obtained.

The black-winged pratincole is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies.

The Acanthocephalan parasite Apororhynchus paulonucleatus was discovered in the intestine of the black-winged pratincole.[3]
Eggs, Collection Museum Wiesbaden, Germany
References

BirdLife International (2016). "Glareola nordmanni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T22694136A90086476. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22694136A90086476.en. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. pp. 174, 274. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Peresad'ko, L. V. (1980). "Nematoda and Acanthocephala of Charadriiformes, new for West Siberia". Sistematika I Ekologiya Zhivotnykh Novye I Maloizvestnye Vidy Fauny Sibiri (in Russian): 10–23.

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