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Western Crowned Pigeon (Goura cristata) in TMII Birdpark

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Ordo: Columbiformes

Familia: Columbidae
Subfamilia: Gourinae
Genus: Goura
Species: Goura cristata
Subspecies: G. c. cristata - G. c. minor - G. c. pygmaea
Name

Goura cristata (Pallas, 1764)

original combination: Columba cristata (protonym)

References

Catalogue raisonne, D'une Collection supérieurement belle D'Oiseaux, Tant exotiques qu'Européens, ... p.2, p.9, no. 78
IUCN: Goura cristata (Vulnerable)

Vernacular names
български: Венценосен гълъб
català: Goura coronada
čeština: Korunáč modrý
Cymraeg: Colomen goronog y Gorllewin
Deutsch: Krontaube
Ελληνικά: Γκούρα της δυτικής Νέας Γουινέας
English: Western Crowned Pigeon
Esperanto: Okcidenta kronokolombo
español: Paloma coronada occidental
فارسی: کبوتر تاجدار غربی
suomi: Lännenkruunukyyhky
français: Goura couronné
galego: Goura común
עברית: יונת כתר מערבית
magyar: Pompás koronásgalamb
Bahasa Indonesia: Mambruk ubiaat
日本語: カンムリバト
қазақша: Тәжді көгершін
Nederlands: Kroonduif
norsk: Gråbrystkrondue
polski: Koroniec siodłaty
پنجابی: تاجوالا کبوتر
português: Pomba-goura
русский: Венценосный голубь
svenska: blå kronduva
中文: 藍鳳冠鳩

The western crowned pigeon (Goura cristata), also known as the common crowned pigeon or blue crowned pigeon, is a large, blue-grey pigeon with blue lacy crests over the head and dark blue mask feathers around its eyes. Both sexes are almost similar but males are often larger than females. It is on average 70 cm (28 in) long and weighs 2.1 kg (4.6 lbs).[2]

Along with its close and very similar-looking relatives the Victoria crowned pigeon, Sclater's crowned pigeon, and Scheepmaker's crowned pigeon, it is one of the largest members of the pigeon family. The western crowned pigeon is found in and is endemic to the lowland rainforests of northwestern New Guinea; the other species of crowned pigeon inhabit different regions of the island. The diet consists mainly of fruits and seeds.

Hunted for food and its plumes, it remains common only in remote areas. Due to ongoing habitat loss, limited range and overhunting in some areas, the western crowned pigeon is evaluated as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is listed in Appendix II of CITES.

The western crowned pigeon was first described by the German naturalist Peter Simon Pallas in 1764 and given the binomial name Columba cristata.[3][4][5] A molecular phylogenetic study published in 2018 found that the western crowned pigeon was most closely related to Sclater's crowned pigeon (Goura sclaterii).[6]

In culture

The western crowned pigeon is the official provincial bird of West Papua,[7] and it appears on its coat of arms.
The video game spin-off Angry Birds Stella has a western crowned pigeon named Willow, who wears a striped hat to conceal her crest.

References

BirdLife International (2018). "Goura cristata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T22691865A131926965. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22691865A131926965.en. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
"A Guide to the Pigeons and Doves of the World" by David Gibbs, Eustace Barnes & John Cox. Yale University Press (2001), ISBN 0-300-07886-2.
Peters, James Lee (1937). Check-list of Birds of the World. Volume 3. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 140.
Sherborn, C. Davies (1905). "The new species of birds in Vroeg's catalogue, 1764". Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. 47: 332–341 [334 No. 78]. Includes a transcript of the 1764 text.
Rookmaaker, L.C.; Pieters, F.F.J.M. (2000). "Birds in the sales catalogue of Adriaan Vroeg (1764) described by Pallas and Vosmaer". Contributions to Zoology. 69 (4): 271–277. doi:10.1163/18759866-06904005.
Bruxaux, J.; Gabrielli, M.; Ashari, H.; Prŷs-Jones, R.; Joseph, L.; Milá, B.; Besnard, G.; Thébaud, C. (2018). "Recovering the evolutionary history of crowned pigeons (Columbidae: Goura): Implications for the biogeography and conservation of New Guinean lowland birds". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 120: 248–258. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2017.11.022. PMID 29199106.
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