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Goura victoria

Goura victoria , Photo: Michael Lahanas

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Columbiformes
Familia: Columbidae
Subfamilia: Gourinae
Genus: Goura
Species: Goura victoria
Subspecies: G. v. beccarii - G. v. victoria

Name

Goura victoria (Fraser, 1844)

References

* Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London Pt12 no.138 p.136

Goura victoria

Vernacular names
Internationalization
Česky: Korunáč vějířový
English: Victoria Crowned Pigeon
Esperanto: Viktoria kronokolombo
Magyar: Legyezős koronásgalamb
Bahasa Indonesia: Mambruk Victoria
日本語: オウギバト
Lietuvių: Viktorijos karūnuotasis karvelis
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Påfuglkrondue
Polski: Koroniec plamoczuby

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The Victoria Crowned Pigeon, Goura victoria, is a large, approximately 74cm (29 in) long and weighing up to 2.5 kg (5.5 lb), bluish-grey pigeon with elegant blue lace-like crests, maroon breast and red iris. The bird may be easily recognized by the unique white tips on its crests. Both sexes are similar.

One of three superficially similar species of crowned pigeons (the others being the Western Crowned Pigeon and the Southern Crowned Pigeon), the Victoria Crowned Pigeon is distributed in the lowland and swamp forests of northern New Guinea and surrounding islands. Its diet consists mainly of fruits, figs, seeds and invertebrates. The female usually lays a single white egg.

The name commemorates the British monarch, Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

There are two subspecies of the Victoria Crowned Pigeon, Goura victoria victoria, the nominate race is the smaller of the two supspecies and can be found in Yapen, Biak & Supiori. Goura victoria beccarii is found on the mainland of New Guinea

Due to continuing habitat loss, being tame and easily hunted for its plumes and meat, the Victoria Crowned Pigeon is evaluated as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is listed in Appendix II of CITES. To help with conservation efforts, the Denver Zoo has a mating pair in their bird habitat, Bird World.

References

* BirdLife International (2004). Goura victoria. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 10 May 2006. Database entry includes a range map and justification for why this species is vulnerable

* http://www.internationaldovesociety.com/MiscSpecies/VictoriaCrownedPigeon.htm

Biology Encyclopedia

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Source: Wikispecies, Wikipedia: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License