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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea

Familia: Thraupidae
Genus: Iridosornis
Species: I. analis – I. jelskii – I. porphyrocephalus – I. reinhardti –
I. rufivertexName

Iridosornis Lesson, 1844

Typus: Arremon rufi-vertex Lafresnaye, 1842 = Iridosornis rufivertex

Synonyms

Poecilornis Hartlaub, 1844 Rev.Zool. p. 36 BHL
Euthraupis Cabanis, 1850 Mus.Hein p. 30 BHL
Irisornis (emend.)
Iridornis (emend.)
Iridiornis (variation)

References

Lesson, R.P. 1844. Catalogue des oiseaux nouveaux ou peu connus de la collection Abeillé. L'Écho du monde savant et l'Hermès: journal analytique des nouvelles et des cours scientifiques (2) 11 no.4 col.80–81; no.7 col.155–158; no.8 col.182–184; no.9 col.203–207;no.12 col.275–277 BHL; no.13 col.302–304 BHL; no.15 col.347–349 BHLReference page. Original description col. 80 BHL

Vernacular names
suomi: Korutangarat

Iridosornis is a genus of Neotropical birds in the tanager family Thraupidae

These birds live in the Andes mostly at high altitudes. Their plumage is mainly blue and all of them have contrasting patches of yellow.[1]
Taxonomy and species list

The genus Iridosornis was introduced in 1844 by the French naturalist René Lesson with the golden-crowned tanager as the type species.[2][3] The name combines the Ancient Greek iris meaning "rainbow" with ornis meaning "bird".[4] A molecular phylogenetic study published in 2014 found that this genus had a sister relationship to the vermilion tanager which is placed in its own monospecific genus Calochaetes.[5]

The genus contains five species:[6]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Purplish-mantled Tanager - Colombia S4E9634 (22856163507).jpg Iridosornis porphyrocephalus Purplish-mantled tanager Colombia and Ecuador
Iridosornis analis -NBII Image Gallery-a00213.jpg Iridosornis analis Yellow-throated tanager Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru
Golden-collared Tanager - Manu NP - Perù 8163 (23224171646).jpg Iridosornis jelskii Golden-collared tanager Bolivia and Peru
Iridosornis rufivertex.jpg Iridosornis rufivertex Golden-crowned tanager Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela
Iridosornis reinhardti Yellow-scarfed tanager Peru

References

Ridgely, Robert S.; Tudor, Guy (2009). Birds of South America: Passerines. Helm Field Guides. London: Christopher Helm. p. 605. ISBN 978-1-408-11342-4.
Lesson, René (1844). "Catalogue des oiseaux nouveaux ou peu connus de la collection Abeillé". L'Echo du Monde Savant (in French). Part 2. Col. 80.
Paynter, Raymond A. Jr, ed. (1970). Check-List of Birds of the World. Vol. 13. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 336.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 207. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Burns, K.J.; Shultz, A.J.; Title, P.O.; Mason, N.A.; Barker, F.K.; Klicka, J.; Lanyon, S.M.; Lovette, I.J. (2014). "Phylogenetics and diversification of tanagers (Passeriformes: Thraupidae), the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 75: 41–77. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2014.02.006.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (July 2020). "Tanagers and allies". IOC World Bird List Version 10.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 3 November 2020.

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