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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea

Familia: Estrildidae
Genus: Lagonosticta
Species: L. landanae – L. larvata – L. nitidula – L. rara – – L. rubricata – L. rufopicta – L. sanguinodorsalis – L. senegala – L. umbrinodorsalis – L. vinacea – L. virataL. rhodopareia
Name
Lagonosticta Cabanis, 1851

The firefinches form a genus, Lagonosticta, of small seed-eating African birds in the family Estrildidae.

The genus was introduced by the German ornithologists Jean Cabanis in 1851.[1] The type species was subsequently designated as the African firefinch.[2] The name combines the Ancient Greek words lagōn "flank" and stiktos "spotted".[3] The genus Lagonosticta is sister to the brown twinspot which is placed in its own genus Clytospiza.[4]
Species

The genus contains 11 species:[5]

Image Common Name Scientific name Distribution
Red-billed firefinch (Lagonosticta senegala senegala) male.jpg Red-billed firefinch Lagonosticta senegala Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Angola, Zambia, Mozambique, South Africa, Malawi, Nigeria, Senegal, Gambia, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea and Ethiopia
Firefinch African 2017 07 02 11 45 37 0106c.jpg African firefinch Lagonosticta rubricata Senegal east to Ethiopia then south to the southern Democratic Republic of Congo and Tanzania south through Mozambique to the Eastern Cape province of South Africa.
Landana firefinch Lagonosticta landanae southern Gabon and the Republic of Congo, western Democratic Republic of the Congo
Jameson's Firefinch (Lagonosticta rhodopareia).jpg Jameson's firefinch Lagonosticta rhodopareia Angola, Botswana, Chad, The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Mali firefinch Lagonosticta virata Western Africa
Rock Firefinch (Lagonosticta sanguinodorsalis), crop.jpg Rock firefinch Lagonosticta sanguinodorsalis central Nigeria
Chad Firefinch, Poli, Cameroon (5891148921).jpg Chad firefinch Lagonosticta umbrinodorsalis southwest Chad where it is fairly common and northeast Cameroon
Black-bellied Firefinch.JPG Black-bellied firefinch Lagonosticta rara Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Togo and Uganda
Bar-breasted Firefinch fem - Kakum - Ghana S4E2515 (22595258119).jpg Bar-breasted firefinch Lagonosticta rufopicta Gambia and southern Senegal east to western Uganda and eastern Kenya
Brown Firefinch, Garneton, Kitwe, Zambia (16410046988).jpg Brown firefinch Lagonosticta nitidula Angola, The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia, southern Tanzania and northern areas of Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe
Lagonosticta larvata.jpg Black-faced firefinch Lagonosticta larvata Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo and Uganda

References

Cabanis, Jean; Heine, Ferdinand (1860). Museum Heineanum : Verzeichniss der ornithologischen Sammlung des Oberamtmann Ferdinand Heine, auf Gut St. Burchard vor Halberstadt (in German and Latin). Vol. 1. Halberstadt: R. Frantz. p. 171.
Paynter, Raymond A. Jr, ed. (1968). Check-list of birds of the world. Vol. 14. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 325.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 217. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Olsson, Urban; Alström, Per (2020). "A comprehensive phylogeny and taxonomic evaluation of the waxbills (Aves: Estrildidae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 146: 106757. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2020.106757.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (July 2021). "Waxbills, parrotfinches, munias, whydahs, Olive Warbler, accentors, pipits". IOC World Bird List Version 11.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 12 July 2021.

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