Hellenica World

Lanius collurio

Lanius collurio (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Parvordo: Corvida
Superfamilia: Corvoidea
Familia: Laniidae
Genus: Lanius
Species: Lanius collurio
Subspecies: L. c. collurio - L. c. juxtus - L. c. kobylini - L. c. pallidifrons

Name

Lanius collurio Linnaeus, 1758

Vernacular Names
Internationalization
Ελληνικά: Αετομάχος
English: Red-backed Shrike
日本語: セアカモズ
Slovenščina: Rjavi srakoper
Vèneto: Redéstola/Reséstola


Reference

Systema Naturae ed.10 p.94

The Red-backed Shrike (Lanius collurio) is a carnivorous passerine bird and member of the shrike family Laniidae.

This bird breeds in most of Europe and western Asia and winters in tropical Africa. Although a migratory visitor to Great Britain, it had been considered extinct as a breeding bird and has been named as a protected bird in Britain under a Biodiversity Action Plan; in September 2010 the RSPB announced that a breeding pair had successfully raised chicks in a secret location in Dartmoor, the first recorded since 1970.[2]

It breeds in open cultivated country with hawthorn and dog rose.

This 16–18 cm (approx. 6.3-7.1 inches) long migratory bird eats large insects, small birds, frogs, rodents and lizards. Like other shrikes it hunts from prominent perches, and impales corpses on thorns or barbed wire as a "larder".

The general colour of the male’s upper parts is reddish. It has a grey head and a typical shrike black stripe through the eye. Underparts are tinged pink, and the tail has a black and white pattern similar to that of a wheatear. In the female and young birds the upperparts are brown and vermiculated. Underparts are buff and also vermiculated.

English common names for the red-backed shrike include 'Wariangle' and 'worrier'.[3]

References

1. ^ BirdLife International (2004). Lanius collurio. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 12 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
2. ^ RSPB '“Butcher bird” nests in England after 18 year absence' Retrieved on 10 September 2010.
3. ^ Wordswarm definition of 'wariangle'


Further reading

* Worfolk, Tim (2000) Identification of red-backed, isabelline and brown shrikes Dutch Birding 22 (6): 323-362

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Source: Wikipedia,. Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

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