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Megascops trichopsis

Whiskered Screech Owl (Megascops trichopsis)

Megascops trichopsis

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Strigiformes
Familia: Strigidae
Subfamilia: Striginae
Genus: Megascops
Species: Megascops trichopsis
Subspecies M. t. aspersus - M. t. guerrensis - M. t. mesamericanus - M. t. pumilis - M. t. ridgwayi - M. t. trichopsis

Name

Megascops trichopsis (Wagler, 1832)

Reference

Isis, oder Encyclopädische Zeitung 25 col.276

Vernacular names
Internationalization
English: Whiskered Screech-owl

The Whiskered Screech-Owl, Megascops trichopsis, is a small scops owl.

Adults occur in 2 color morphs, in either brown or dark grey plumage. They have a round head with ear tufts, yellow eyes and a yellowish bill. The bird looks very similar to a Western Screech-Owl, but has heavier barring on the breast, and is slightly smaller in size.

Their breeding habitat is dense coniferous or oak woodlands, and coffee plantations usually occurring at higher elevations than Western Screech-Owl. It ranges from southeasternmost Arizona - (the Madrean sky islands region), in the United States to north central Nicaragua.

These birds wait on a perch and swoop down on prey; they also capture targeted food items in flight. They mainly eat small mammals and large insects, with grasshoppers, beetles, moths making up a large portion of their diet. They are active at night or near dusk, using their excellent hearing and night vision to locate prey.

The most common call is a series of about 8 regularly spaced “boo” notes, slightly higher in the middle, slightly lower at each end.

3 to 4 eggs are usually laid in April or May, usually found in a tree cavity or old woodpecker hole 5 to 7 meters above the ground.

References

* BirdLife International (2004). Megascops trichopsis. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
* "National Geographic" Field Guide to the Birds of North America ISBN 0-7922-6877-6
* Handbook of the Birds of the World Vol 5, Josep del Hoyo editor, ISBN 84-87334-25-3
* "National Audubon Society" The Sibley Guide to Birds, by David Allen Sibley, ISBN 0-679-45122-6

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License