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Melanocorypha yeltoniensis

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Parvordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea
Familia: Alaudidae
Genus: Melanocorypha
Species: Melanocorypha yeltoniensis

Name

Melanocorypha yeltoniensis (Forster, 1767)

Vernacular name
Ελληνικά : Μαυρογαλιάντρα
English: Black Lark
Türkçe: Kara toygar

The Black Lark, Melanocorypha yeltoniensis, breeds in southeast Russia and Kazakhstan. It is partially migratory, with birds from the northwest of its breeding range moving south-east to winter further into Russia and neighbouring countries, as far as the northern Black Sea coasts in southern Ukraine.

This is a bird of open steppe, often near water. Its nest is on the ground, with 4-5 eggs being laid. Food is seeds and insects, the latter especially in the breeding season. It is gregarious in winter.

This is a large, robust lark, 18-20.5 cm in length. The adult male is unmistakable, being all black with some pale feather fringes on its back, and with a yellowish or pink bill. The female is undistinguished in comparison, mainly dark-blotched grey above and paler below. Her legs and underwing are black.

The song is like a frantic version of that of Skylark.

Vagrancy

Black Lark is a very rare vagrant away from its breeding range, with records during both spring and autumn passage periods, and also in winter; the following is a complete list of European records away from the breeding range & normal wintering range at the time of writing (2005):

* 1803 Italy A male at Alessandria, Piemonte on an unknown date in autumn
* 19th Century Austria Three males, one shot, at Breitensee, Vienna, on an unknown date between 1857 & 1874
* 1874 Germany A female on Heligoland on 27 April
* 1892 Germany A male on Heligoland on 27 July
* 1897 Moldova One in March
* 1900 Romania One at Dobrogea in March
* 1914 Turkey One at Küçükçekmece, Istanbul on 14 October
* 1929 Malta One in winter
* 1930 Greece One at Athens in spring
* 1958 Greece A male at Athens on 20 April
* 1961 Italy One at Manfredonia, Puglia, on 3 May
* 1963 Greece A flock of eight at Lake Koronia on 20 February
* 1964 Greece Two at the Axios Delta on 8 February
* 1981 Czech Republic A male at Zakupy on 28 November
* 1984 Great Britain (England) A male at Spurn, Yorkshire on 27 April
* 1988 Poland One at Kosienice on 17 January
* 1989 Finland A male at Joensuu on 24 March
* 1989 Finland A male at Korppoo on 8 April
* 1993 Sweden A male at Karlstad on 6 & 7 May
* 1995 Bulgaria A female at Cape Kaliakra on 25 May
* 2003 Great Britain (Wales) A male at RSPB South Stack, Anglesey from 1 to 8 June

An individual was also recorded on an unknown date (prior to 2003) in Lebanon.

References

* BirdLife International (2006). Melanocorypha yeltoniensis. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 12 May 2006.

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License