Merops persicus

Merops persicus, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Coraciiformes
Familia: Meropidae
Genus: Merops
Species: Merops persicus
Subspecies: M. p. chrysocercus - M. p. persicus

Name

Merops persicus Pallas, 1773

References

* Pallas, 1773. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs 2 p.708

Vernacular names
Internationalization
Česky: Vlha modrolící
Ελληνικά : Πράσινος Μελισσοφάγος
English: Blue-cheeked Bee-eater
Nederlands: Groene bijeneter

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The Blue-cheeked Bee-eater, Merops persicus, is a near passerine bird in the bee-eater family, Meropidae. It breeds in Morocco, Algeria, and subtropical Asia from eastern Turkey to Kazakhstan. It is strongly migratory, wintering in tropical Africa. This species occurs as a rare vagrant north of its breeding range.

Description

This species, like other bee-eaters, is a richly-coloured, slender bird. It is predominantly green; its face has blue sides with a black eye stripe, and a yellow and brown throat; the beak is black. It can reach a length of 24-26 cm, including the two elongated central tail feathers. Sexes are alike.

This is a bird which breeds in sub-tropical semi-desert with a few trees, such as acacia. It winters in open woodland or grassland. As the name suggests, bee-eaters predominantly eat insects, especially bees, wasps and hornets, which are caught in the air by sorties from an open perch. However, this species probably takes more dragonflies than any other food item. Its preferred hunting perch is telephone wires if available.

These bee-eaters are gregarious, nesting colonially in sandy banks. They make a relatively long tunnel in which the 4 to 8, spherical white eggs are laid. Both the male and the female take care of the eggs. These birds also feed and roost communally.

The call sounds 'flatter' and less 'fluty' than the European Bee-eater.
Subspecies

It has two subspecies

* Merops persicus persicus - Asia
* Merops persicus chrysocercus - Africa

This species is closely related to Blue-tailed Bee-eater, M. philippinus, and was formerly considered conspecific.

References

* BirdLife International (2004). Merops persicus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern

List of Cyprus birds

Images

Source: Wikispecies , Wikipedia: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Index

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