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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Ordo: Piciformes

Familia: Bucconidae
Genus: Monasa
Species: M. atra – M. flavirostris – M. morphoeus – M. nigrifrons


Monasa Vieillot, 1816

Vieillot, L.J.P. 1816. Analyse d'une nouvelle ornithologie élémentaire. 70 pp. Paris: Deterville. P.27 BHL Reference page.

Monasa is a genus of puffbird in the Bucconidae family.

The genus was introduced by the French ornithologist Louis Vieillot in 1816 with the black nunbird (Monasa atra) as the type species.[1][2] The generic name is from the Ancient Greek monas meaning "solitary".[3]

The genus contains four species:[4]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Monasa atra - Black nunbird.JPG Monasa atra Black nunbird North-central South America in the Guianas of Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana including the Guiana Shield; also eastern and southeastern Venezuela in the eastern Orinoco River Basin, and the Amazon Basin of northeast Brazil in the north-central and northeast
Yellow-billed Nunbird.jpg Monasa flavirostris Yellow-billed nunbird Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru
White-fronted Nunbird JCB.jpg Monasa morphoeus White-fronted nunbird Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela; in southern Central America in Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama
Black-fronted Nunbird - Brazil H8O2216.jpg Monasa nigrifrons Black-fronted nunbird Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru


Vieillot, Louis Jean Pierre (1816). Analyse d'une Nouvelle Ornithologie Élémentaire (in French). Paris: Deterville/self. p. 27.
Peters, James Lee, ed. (1948). Check-list of Birds of the World. Volume 6. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 21.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 259. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2019). "Jacamars, puffbirds, toucans, barbets, honeyguides". World Bird List Version 9.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 24 July 2019.

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