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Odontophorus

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Galliformes
Familia: Odontophoridae
Genus: Odontophorus
Species: O. atrifrons - O. balliviani - O. capueira - O. columbianus - O. dialeucos - O. erythrops - O. gujanensis - O. guttatus - O. hyperythrus - O. leucolaemus - O. melanonotus - O. melanotis - O. speciosus - O. stellatus - O. strophium

Name

Odontophorus Vieillot, 1816

Reference

Analyse D'Une Nouvelle Ornithologie Élémentaire p.51

The Wood-quails are birds in the genus Odontophorus of the New World quail family, which are residents in forests in the Americas. The core range of the genus is centred in the lowlands and foothills of the northern Andes of Colombia and the mountain ranges of Central America; however, some species occur elsewhere in tropical and subtropical South America.

These are shy species, and as a consequence are amongst the most difficult Galliform birds to study or even observe. The best chance of seeing wood-quail is at dawn or dusk, when they may feed at the side of a road or on a forest track in family groups of up to 12 birds. Nevertheless, when protected they can become surprisingly tame, as has been shown at Paz de las Aves near Mindo, Ecuador, with the Dark-backed Wood-quail.

Wood-quails are 22-30 cm long, dumpy, short-tailed, stout-billed partridge-like birds with a bushy crest. The upperparts are dark brown, and the underparts are black, grey, brown or rufous. Some species have a striking black and white throat or facial markings. The sexes are similar, but in some species the female has a duller-coloured crest, and in others the underparts are more rufous or grey than in the male. The advertising calls are loud and distinctive duets consisting of repeated phrases, and are often the only indication that wood-quail are present.

For most wood-quail, information has mainly come from specimens, and breeding behaviour and habits are little known. The majority of species, including the relatively widespread Spotted Wood-quail have never had the nest described.

Those species for which the feeding habits are known forage on the ground, scratching at the soil for seeds, fallen fruit and insects. Wood-quail are typically shy and wary; they will normally make good their escape on foot, but if startled will explode into a short fast flight into dense cover.

All wood-quail species have been adversely affected by hunting and, in particular, rampant deforestation. Several species with restricted ranges are now considered threatened.

Species list

* Marbled Wood-quail, Odontophorus gujanensis
* Spot-winged Wood-quail, Odontophorus capueira
* Black-eared Wood-quail, Odontophorus melanotis
* Rufous-fronted Wood-quail, Odontophorus erythrops
* Black-fronted Wood-quail, Odontophorus atrifrons
* Chestnut Wood-quail, Odontophorus hyperythrus
* Dark-backed Wood Quail, Odontophorus melanonotus
* Rufous-breasted Wood-quail, Odontophorus speciosus
* Tacarcuna Wood-quail, Odontophorus dialeucos
* Gorgeted Wood-quail, Odontophorus strophium
* Venezuelan Wood-quail, Odontophorus columbianus
* Black-breasted Wood-quail, Odontophorus leucolaemus
* Stripe-faced Wood-quail, Odontophorus balliviani
* Starred Wood-quail, Odontophorus stellatus
* Spotted Wood-quail, Odontophorus guttatus


References

* Hilty, Birds of Venezuela, ISBN 0-7136-6418-5
* Madge and McGowan,Pheasants, Partridges and Grouse ISBN 0-7136-3966-0
* Stiles and Skutch, A guide to the birds of Costa Rica ISBN 0-8014-9600-4

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License