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Picus

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Piciformes
Familia: Picidae
Subfamilia: Picinae
Genus: Picus
Species: P. awokera - P. canus - P. chlorolophus - P. erythropygius - P. flavinucha - P. mentalis - P. miniaceus - P. puniceus - P. rabieri - P. squamatus - P. vaillantii - P. viridanus - P. viridis - P. vittatus - P. xanthopygaeus

Name

Picus Linnaeus, 1758

Reference

Systema Naturae ed.10 p.112

Picus is a genus of birds in the woodpecker family. It has representatives in Europe, Asia and North Africa.

These are large woodpeckers, typically with green upperparts. They are found in forests or more open woodland, and lay their white eggs in a tree hole nest, typically on a bed of wood chips.

Picus woodpeckers are primarily insect eaters, with several species specialising in taking ants or termites. Some species will also consume fruit or eggs. Insects are captured by a rapid outward flick of the long tongue and gummed to its tip by sticky saliva.

This genus is less completely arboreal than some other woodpecker groups, and its members often feed on the ground, attacking anthills or termitaries.

Species in taxonomic order

* Banded Woodpecker, Picus miniaceus
* Lesser Yellownape, Picus chlorolophus
* Crimson-winged Woodpecker, Picus puniceus
* Greater Yellownape, Picus flavinucha
* Checker-throated Woodpecker, Picus mentalis
* Streak-breasted Woodpecker, Picus viridanus
* Laced Woodpecker, Picus vittatus
* Streak-throated Woodpecker, Picus xanthopygaeus
* Scaly-bellied Woodpecker, Picus squamatus
* Japanese Woodpecker, Picus awokera
* Green Woodpecker, Picus viridis
* Iberian Woodpecker, Picus sharpei
* Levaillant's Woodpecker, Picus vaillantii
* Red-collared Woodpecker, Picus rabieri
* Black-headed Woodpecker, Picus erythropygius
* Grey-headed Woodpecker, Picus canus

References

* Grimmett, Inskipp and Inskipp, Birds of India ISBN 0-691-04910-6
* Mullarney, Svensson, Zetterstrom and Grant, Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0-00-219728-6

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License