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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Subordo: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Telluraves
Cladus: Australaves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea

Familia: Thraupidae
Genus: Poospiza
Species: P. baeri – P. boliviana – P. garleppi – P. goeringi – P. hispaniolensis – P. nigrorufa – P. ornata – P. rubecula – P. rufosuperciliaris – P. whitii
[acc. Burns, Unitt & Mason (2016); SACC 730.08]

acc. Burns, Unitt & Mason (2016); IOC 10.2.:

Species transferred to Castanozoster: P. thoracica – acc. SACC 730.13

Species transferred to Poospizopsis: P. caesar – P. hypocondria – acc. SACC 730.12

Species transferred to Microspingus: P. alticola – P. cabanisi – P. cinerea – P. erythrophrys – P. lateralis – P. melanoleuca – P. torquata – acc. SACC 730.14

Poospiza Cabanis, 1847

Typus: Emberiza nigrorufa d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 = Poospiza nigrorufa


Compsospiza Berlepsch, 1893 Ibis p. 207
Orospingus Riley, 1922 Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. p. 61

Primary references

Cabanis J. 1847. Ornithologische Notizen I p.186–256, II p.308–352. In: Archive fur Naturgeschichte, Year 13, Vol 1, 352 pp. Nicolai'schen Buchhandlung - Berlin. Original description p.349 BHL Reference page.

Additional references

Shultz, A.J. & Burns, K.J. 2013. Plumage evolution in relation to light environment in a novel clade of Neotropical tanagers. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66(1): 112-125 DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2012.09.011Reference page.
Burns, K.J., Shultz, A.J., Title, P.O., Mason N.A., Barker, F.K., Klicka, J., Lanyon, S.M. & Lovette, I.J. 2014. Phylogenetics and diversification of tanagers (Passeriformes: Thraupidae), the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 75:41–77. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.02.006 Full article (PDF) Open accessReference page.
Barker, F.K., Burns, K.J., Klicka, J., Lanyon, S.M. & Lovette, I.J. 2015. New insights into New World biogeography: An integrated view from the phylogeny of blackbirds, cardinals, sparrows, tanagers, warblers, and allies. The Auk 132(2): 333-348. DOI: 10.1642/AUK-14-110.1 Open accessReference page.
Burns, K.J., Unitt, P. & Mason, N.A. 2016. A genus-level classification of the family Thraupidae (Class Aves: Order Passeriformes). Zootaxa 4088(3): 329–354. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4088.3.2 Paywall.Reference page.
Jordan, E.A., Areta, J.I. & Holzmann, I. 2017. Mate recognition systems and species limits in a warbling-finch complex (Poospiza nigrorufa/whitii) Emu 117(4): 344-358 DOI: 10.1080/01584197.2017.1360746Reference page.

Poospiza is a genus of finch-like birds in the tanager family Thraupidae that are found in both the South American lowlands and the Andes mountains. Generally they are arboreal feeders in light woodland and scrub. All have extensive grey to their plumage, and have—often bold—white or rufous markings.[1]
Taxonomy and species list

The genus Poospiza was introduced in 1847 by the German ornithologist Jean Cabanis.[2] The name combines the Ancient Greek poa meaning "grass" and spiza meaning "finch".[3] The type species was designated as the black-and-rufous warbling finch by the English zoologist George Robert Gray in 1855.[4][5]

A molecular phylogenetic study of the tanager family published in 2014 found that Poospiza and many other genera were polyphyletic.[6] In the subsequent reorganization two species from Compsospiza and two species from Hemispingus were moved here. At the same time several species formerly assigned to Poospiza were moved to Microspingus, Poospizopsis and Castanozoster.[7][8]

The genus contains ten species:[8]

Bolivian warbling finch, Poospiza boliviana
Cinnamon warbling finch, Poospiza ornata
Black-and-rufous warbling finch, Poospiza nigrorufa
Black-and-chestnut warbling finch, Poospiza whitii (split from the black-and-rufous warbling finch)
Collared warbling finch, Poospiza hispaniolensis
Rufous-breasted warbling finch, Poospiza rubecula
Tucumán mountain finch, Poospiza baeri (formerly placed in Compsospiza)
Cochabamba mountain finch, Poospiza garleppi (formerly placed in Compsospiza)
Slaty-backed hemispingus, Poospiza goeringi (formerly placed in Hemispingus)
Rufous-browed hemispingus, Poospiza rufosuperciliaris (formerly placed in Hemispingus)


Ridgely & Tudor (1989) pp.453-460
Cabanis, Jean (1847). "Ornithologische notizen". Archiv für Naturgeschichte (in German). 13 (1): 186–256, 308–352 [349].
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 314. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Gray, George Robert (1855). Catalogue of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds Contained in the British Museum. London: British Museum. p. 75.
Paynter, Raymond A. Jr, ed. (1970). Check-List of Birds of the World. Vol. 13. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 117.
Burns, K.J.; Shultz, A.J.; Title, P.O.; Mason, N.A.; Barker, F.K.; Klicka, J.; Lanyon, S.M.; Lovette, I.J. (2014). "Phylogenetics and diversification of tanagers (Passeriformes: Thraupidae), the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 75: 41–77. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2014.02.006. PMID 24583021.
Burns, K.J.; Unitt, P.; Mason, N.A. (2016). "A genus-level classification of the family Thraupidae (Class Aves: Order Passeriformes)". Zootaxa. 4088 (3): 329–354. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4088.3.2. PMID 27394344.

Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (July 2020). "Tanagers and allies". IOC World Bird List Version 10.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 27 October 2020.


Ridgely, R. S., & G. Tudor. 1989. The Birds of South America, vol. 1. Univ. Texas Press, Austin.

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