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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Ordo: Psittaciformes

Familia: Psittacidae
Subfamilia: Psittacinae
Tribus: Arini
Genus: Primolius
Species: Primolius couloni - Primolius maracana - Primolius auricollis
Name

Primolius
Vernacular names
suomi: Brasilianarat

Primolius is a genus of macaws comprising three species,[4] which are native to South America. They are mainly green parrots with complex colouring including blues, reds and yellows. They have long tails, a large curved beak, and bare facial skin typical of macaws in general. They are less than 50 cm long, much smaller than the macaws of the Ara genus. Macaws less than about 50 cm long, including the genus Primolius, are sometimes called "mini-macaws".

Taxonomy

The genus has three monotypic species:[4]

Genus Primolius, Bonaparte 1857:

Blue-headed macaw, Primolius couloni (Sclater PL, 1876)
Blue-winged macaw or Illiger's macaw, Primolius maracana (Vieillot, 1816)
Golden-collared macaw, Primolius auricollis (Cassin, 1853)

Species

Primolius
Common and binomial names[4] Image Description Range
Blue-headed macaw
or Coulon's macaw
(Primolius couloni)
Blue-headed Macaw RWD2.jpg 41 cm (16 in) long, mostly green with head, flight feathers and primary coverts blue. The uppertail has a maroon base, a narrow green center and a blue tip. The undertail and underwing are greenish-yellow/ The bill is pale greyish-horn with a black base. Unlike most other macaws, the facial skin and lores are dark greyish.[5] South America
Blue-winged macaw
or Illiger's macaw
(Primolius maracana)
Primolius maracana -Palmitos Park -Gran Canaria-8a.jpg 40 cm (16 in) long, mostly green, the upperside of some of the wing feathers are blue, and the underside of the wings are yellowish, the tail-tip, crown and cheeks are bluish, and the tail-base and a belly-patch are red. The iris is amber. The bare facial-skin is yellowish, which may be white in captivity, the beak is all black[6] South America
Golden-collared macaw
or yellow-collared macaw
(Primolius auricollis)
Primolius auricollis -Panaewa Rainforest Zoo, Hawaii, USA -two-8b-2c.jpg 38 cm (15 in) long, mostly green, yellow band on the back of the neck, tail feathers have are red at the base fading to greens and blues, dark brown or black forehead, pink legs, the beak is dark grey with a paler grey tip South America

See also

List of macaws

References

Salvadori, T. (1891). Catalogue of the Psittaci, or Parrots, in the Collection of the British Museum. Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum. 20. London: Taylor and Francis. p. 151.
Penhallurick, John (2001). "Primolius Bonaparte, 1857 has priority over Propyrrhura Ribeiro, 1920". Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club. 121 (1): 38–39.
Ribeiro, Alipio de Miranda (1920). "Revisão dos Psittacideos brasileiros". Revista do Museu Paulista. 12 (2): 18–19.
"Zoological Nomenclature Resource: Psittaciformes (Version 9.004)". www.zoonomen.net. 2008-07-05.
"Species factsheet: Primolius couloni". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 24 July 2008.
"Species factsheet: Primolius maracana". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 24 July 2008.

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Biology Encyclopedia

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