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Ramphocelus sanguinolentus

Ramphocelus sanguinolentus (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Parvordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea
Familia: Thraupidae
Genus: Ramphocelus
Species: Ramphocelus sanguinolentus
Subspecies: R. s. apricus - R. s. sanguinolentus

Name

Ramphocelus sanguinolentus (Lesson, 1831)

Vernacular names

Reference

Centurie Zoologique p.107 pl.39

e Crimson-collared Tanager, Ramphocelus sanguinolentus, is a rather small Middle American songbird.

It was first described by the French naturalist René-Primevère Lesson in 1831, its specific epithet from the Latin adjective sanguinolentus, "bloodied", referring to its red plumage. This species is sometimes placed in a genus of its own as Phlogothraupis sanguinolenta,[2] and a genetic study suggests that it is less closely related to the other Ramphocelus tanagers than they are to each other.[3] Its closest relative is the Masked Crimson Tanager.[citation needed]

Crimson-collared Tanagers average 19–20 cm (7.5–8 in long. The adult plumage is black with a red collar covering the nape, neck, and breast[2] (remarkably similar to the pattern of the male Crimson-collared Grosbeak). All tail coverts are also red. The bill is striking pale blue and the legs are blue-gray. In adults, the irides are crimson, contrary to what is shown in Howell & Webb.[2] Females average slightly duller than males, but are sometimes indistinguishable from them. Juvenile birds are similar except that the hood is dull red, the black areas are tinged with brown, and the breast is mottled red and black[2]. Young birds also have a duller bill color.

Vocalizations are high-pitched and sibilant. There are several calls; one rendered as ssii-p is given both when perched and in flight[2]. The song is jerky and consists of two-to-four-note phrases separated by pauses, tueee-teew, chu-chee-wee-chu, teweee.

The Crimson-collared Tanager ranges from southern Veracruz and northern Oaxaca in Mexico through the Atlantic slope of Central America,[2] to the highlands of western Panama.[4] It inhabits the edges of humid evergreen forests and second growth, where it is often seen in pairs at middle to upper levels. The nest is a cup built of such materials as moss, rootlets[2] and strips of large leaves such as banana or Heliconia[citation needed], and is placed at middle height in a tree at a forest edge. The female usually lays two eggs, pale blue with blackish spots.[2]
References

1. ^ BirdLife International (2004). Ramphocelus sanguinolentus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 12 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
2. ^ a b c d e f g h Steve N. G. Howell and Sophie Webb (1995). A Guide to the Birds of Mexico and Northern Central America. Oxford University Press. pp. 676–77. ISBN 0-19-854012-4.
3. ^ S. J. Hackett (1996). "Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of tanagers in the genus Ramphocelus (Aves)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 5 (2): 368–382. doi:10.1006/mpev.1996.0032. PMID 8728395.
4. ^ Hill, Armas (2006). "Panama Birds during FONT Birding & Nature Tours". Focus on Nature Tours. http://www.focusonnature.com/BirdListAllPanama.htm. Retrieved 10 July 2006.

* F. G. Stiles and A. F. Skutch (1989). A guide to the birds of Costa Rica. Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-9600-4.

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