Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha, A juvenile is in front of an adult (*)
Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha (Swainson, 1827)
* Philos.Mag.n.s. 1 p.439
The Thick-billed Parrot, Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha is an endangered, medium-sized, up to 38 cm long, bright green parrot with a large black bill and a red forecrown, shoulder and thighs. It is found in Mexico, and its former range extended marginally into the United States.
The Thick-billed Parrot is a medium-sized, up to 38 cm (15 in) long, bright green parrot with a large black bill and a red forecrown, shoulder and thighs. Adult eyes are amber, while juveniles have brown eyes. The rest of the bird is bright green. Thick-billed Parrots show red shoulders and leading edge on the underwing, followed by a blackish green stripe, then a yellow stripe, followed by the remaining underwing showing dark green. It appears to show a blackish tail.
Distribution and habitat
The Thick-billed Parrot lives in temperate conifer, pine, mature pine-oak and fir forests from 1200 to 3600 meters. For the most part, it is restricted to the Sierra Madre Occidental of Mexico, though it used to live in the southwestern United States.
Habitat destruction and illegal bird trading gives the Thick-billed Parrot its endangered status on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and listing on Appendix I of CITES. It is estimated that only 1000-4000 Thick-billed Parrots exist. However, this last living parrot species native to the United States is well-established in captive breeding programs in many zoos across the world. Birds had been reintroduced in Arizona in the early 1980s, but this effort turned out to be unsuccessful. The parrots could not adapt to avoiding natural predators.
For more than 10 years, Pronatura Noreste (a northeastern Mexican environmental NGO) and Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education have been monitoring 700 nests of Thick-Billed Parrots in Chihuahua. Through conservation easements with the ejidos, the organization has created sanctuaries for the protection of the bird's habitat.
1. ^ BirdLife Species Factsheet
* BirdLife International (2008). Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 15 December 2008..
Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License