Saxicola insignis J.E. Gray & G.R. Gray, 1847
Catalogue of the specimens and drawings of Mammalia and Birds of Nepal and Thibet, presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq., to the British Museum. p.71,153
Hodgson's Bushchat, Saxicola insignis, is an Old World flycatcher in the genus Saxicola. It is also known as the White-throated Bushchat.
Hodgson's Bushchat breeds in the alpine or sub-alpine meadows and scrub in the mountains of Mongolia and adjacent parts of Russia. It winters in the Terai of Nepal and northern India in wet and dry grasslands, reeds and tamarisks along riverbeds, and also in sugarcane fields.
This species has been classified as Vulnerable by BirdLife International. The major threat appears to be the rapid loss of grasslands in its wintering area. In winter, it occurs in the protected areas of Kaziranga, Corbett and Manas national parks, India, and Lumbini Crane Sanctuary, Chitwan National Park and Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve, Nepal. The current population is estimated at between 2,500 and 10,000.
During a survey carried out in the Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve, Nepal, a total of 19 Hodgson’s bushchats were recorded in January 2005, and a year later only 8 males.
1. ^ Yadav, B.P. (2007) Status, Distribution and Habitat Preferences of Hodgon's Bushchat (Saxicola insignis) in Grassland of Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve of Far-Western Development Region of Nepal. Report submitted to Oriental Birds Club, United Kingdom. download abstract as pdf
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