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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Subordo: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Superordo: Caprimulgimorphae
Ordo: Apodiformes

Familia: Trochilidae
Subfamilia: Trochilinae
Genus: Selasphorus
Species: S. ardens – S. calliope – S. ellioti – S. flammula – S. heloisa – S. platycercusS. rufus - S. sasin - S. scintilla

Name

Selasphorus Swainson, 1832

Typus: Trochilus rufus Gmelin, 1788 = Selasphorus rufus

Synonyms

Atthis Reichenbach, 1854
Stellula Gould, 1861 Intr.Trochil. p. 90 BHL

References
Primary references

Swainson, W.J. Northern Zoology. Part II Aves. In: Swainson, W.J. & Richardson, J. 1831. Fauna boreali-americana, or, The zoology of the northern parts of British America: containing descriptions of the objects of natural history collected on the late northern land expeditions, under command of Captain Sir John Franklin, R.N. Part Second, The Birds. pp. 1–523. John Murray. London DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.39293 p. 324 BHL Reference page.

Additional references

Licona-Vera, Y. & Ornelas, J.F. 2017. The conquering of North America: dated phylogenetic and biogeographic inference of migratory behavior in bee hummingbirds. BMC Evolutionary Biology 17(1): 126. DOI: 10.1186/s12862-017-0980-5PDF Reference page.

Selasphorus is a genus of hummingbirds from Middle and North America.
Taxonomy

The genus Selasphorus was introduced in 1832 by the English naturalist William John Swainson to accommodate the rufous hummingbird which is now the type species.[2][3] The name combines the Ancient Greek selas meaning "light" or "flame" with -phoros meaning "-carrying".[4]

The genus contains the following nine species:[5]

Image Name Common name Distribution
Selasphorus ardens 1902.jpg Selasphorus ardens Glow-throated hummingbird western Panama
Calliope hummingbird, Stellula calliope; male, gorget from side 01.jpg Selasphorus calliope Calliope hummingbird California to British Columbia, and migrates to the Southwestern United States, Mexico
Wine-throated Hummingbird (Atthis ellioti).jpg Selasphorus ellioti Wine-throated hummingbird El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Mexico.
Volcano Hummingbird (cropped).jpg Selasphorus flammula Volcano hummingbird Costa Rica and western Panama.
Atthis heloisa 49954612.jpg Selasphorus heloisa Bumblebee hummingbird Mexico
Broad-Tailed Hummingbird on Branch (50365949817).jpg Selasphorus platycercus Broad-tailed hummingbird western United States and Western Canada to Mexico and Guatemala.
Rufous Hummingbird (29586787801).jpg Selasphorus rufus Rufous hummingbird western United States and Mexican state of Guerrero
Allen's Hummingbird (28724620762).jpg Selasphorus sasin Allen's hummingbird coastal California from Santa Barbara north, southern coastal Oregon, and southern central Mexico.
Scintillant Hummingbird (49677791032).jpg Selasphorus scintilla Scintillant hummingbird Costa Rica and Panama


The wine-throated hummingbird and the bumblebee hummingbird were formerly placed in the genus Atthis. Molecular phylogenetic studies published in 2014 and 2017 found that Atthis was embedded within Selasphorus. The genera were therefore merged and these hummingbirds were moved to Selasphorus.[5][6][7]
References

"Selasphorus Swainson, 1832". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 6 July 2022.
Swainson, William John; Richardson, J. (1831). Fauna boreali-americana, or, The zoology of the northern parts of British America. Vol. Part 2. The Birds. London: J. Murray. p. 324. The title page bears the year 1831 but the volume did not appear until 1832.
Peters, James Lee, ed. (1945). Check-List of Birds of the World. Vol. 5. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 141.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 352. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David & Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (July 2020). "Hummingbirds". IOC World Bird List Version 10.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
McGuire, J.; Witt, C.; Remsen, J.V.; Corl, A.; Rabosky, D.; Altshuler, D. & Dudley, R. (2014). "Molecular phylogenetics and the diversification of hummingbirds". Current Biology. 24 (8): 910–916. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2014.03.016.
Licona-Vera, Yuyini & Ornelas, Juan Francisco (2017). "The conquering of North America: dated phylogenetic and biogeographic inference of migratory behavior in bee hummingbirds". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 17 (1): 126. doi:10.1186/s12862-017-0980-5.

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