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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Subordo: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Telluraves
Cladus: Australaves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea

Familia: Thraupidae
Genus: Sicalis
Species: S. auriventris – S. citrina – S. columbiana – S. flaveola – S. lebruni – S. lutea – S. luteola – S. luteocephala – S. mendozae – S. olivascens – S. raimondii – S. taczanowskii – S. uropigyalis
Name

Sicalis F. Boie, 1828

Typus: Fringilla flaveola Linnaeus, 1766 = Sicalis flaveola

Synonyms

Sycalis (emend.)
Gnathospiza Taczanowski, 1877 PZS p. 320
Pseudochloris Sharpe, 1888 Cat.BirdsBrit.Mus. 12 p. 774
Serinopsis Ridgway, 1898 Auk p. 225

References

Boie, F. 1828. Bemerkungen über mehrere neue Vogelgattungen. Isis, oder Encyclopädische Zeitung von Oken 21 col. 312–329. BHL Reference page. First availability col. 324 BHL

Vernacular names
English: Finches
español: Chirigües; canarios; jilgueros
português: Canários

Sicalis is a genus of birds in the tanager family Thraupidae. Sometimes classified in the bunting and American sparrow family Emberizidae, more recent studies have shown it to belong in the Thraupidae.
Taxonomy and species list

The genus Sicalis was introduced in 1828 by the German zoologist Friedrich Boie.[1] The name is from the Ancient Greek σικαλίς/sikalis, a small, black-headed bird, mentioned by Epicharmus, Aristotle, and other authors. It was perhaps a warbler in the genus Sylvia.[2] The type species is the saffron finch.[3] The genus now contains 13 species.[4]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Canário-rasteiro (cropped).jpg Sicalis citrina Stripe-tailed yellow finch Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela
Sicalis taczanowskii - Sulphur-throated Finch - male.jpg Sicalis taczanowskii Sulphur-throated finch Ecuador and Peru
Bright-rumped Yellow-Finch (8077601983).jpg Sicalis uropygialis Bright-rumped yellow finch the Altiplano of Peru, Bolivia and northern Chile and Argentina
Saffron finch (Sicalis flaveola) male.JPG Sicalis flaveola Saffron finch Ecuador, western Peru, eastern and southern Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, northern Argentina, and Trinidad and Tobago
Orange-fronted yellow finch.jpg Sicalis columbiana Orange-fronted yellow finch Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela
Sicalis luteola -Arroio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil-8.jpg Sicalis luteola Grassland yellow finch Colombia south and east to the Guianas and central Ecuador, Peru and Brazil. Birds which breed further south in Argentina and Uruguay migrate to Bolivia and southern Brazil in the austral winter. There are also isolated populations in Central America and Mexico
Citron-headed Yellow-Finch (Sicalis luteocephala) (8077605702).jpg Sicalis luteocephala Citron-headed yellow finch Andes of Bolivia and far northern Argentina
Patagonian Yellow-Finch (Sicalis lebruni) (15935713886).jpg Sicalis lebruni Patagonian yellow finch Argentina and Tierra del Fuego; also Chile.
Greenish Yellow-Finch - Peru 86 varie 0044 (23392280695).jpg Sicalis olivascens Greenish yellow finch the Andes of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, and Peru
Sicalis mendozae - Monte Yellow-Finch (cropped).jpg Sicalis mendozae Monte yellow finch western Argentina.
Greater Yellow-finch.jpg Sicalis auriventris Greater yellow finch Argentina and Chile
Sicalis raimondii Raimondi's yellow finch Peru
Sicalis lutea - Puna Yellow-Finch; San Antonio de los Cobres, Salta, Argentina (cropped).jpg Sicalis lutea Puna yellow finch Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru

References

Boie, Friedrich (1828). "Bemerkungen über mehrere neue Vogelgattungen". Isis von Oken (in German). 21. Cols 312–328 [324].
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 356. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Paynter, Raymond A. Jr, ed. (1970). Check-List of Birds of the World. Vol. 13. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 122.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (July 2020). "Tanagers and allies". IOC World Bird List Version 10.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 16 October 2020.

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