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Sitta europaea

Sitta europaea (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Parvordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Sylvioidea
Familia: Sittidae
Genus: Sitta
Species: Sitta europaea
Subspecies: S. e. albifrons - S. e. amurensis - S. e. arctica - S. e. asiatica - S. e. bedfordi - S. e. caesia - S. e. caucasica - S. e. cisalpina - S. e. europaea - S. e. hispaniensis - S. e. levantina - S. e. persica - S. e. roseillia - S. e. rubiginosa - S. e. sakhalinensis - S. e. seorsa - S. e. sinensis


Sitta europaea (Linnaeus, 1758)


* Systema Naturae ed.10 p.115
* IUCN link: Sitta europaea (Linnaeus, 1758) (Least Concern)

Vernacular names
Ελληνικά: Δενδροτσοπανάκος
English: Nuthatch (Eurasian Nuthatch, Wood Nuthatch)
한국어: 동고비
Nederlands: Boomklever
Slovenščina: brglez

The Eurasian Nuthatch, Sitta europaea, is a small passerine found throughout temperate Europe and Asia, although not in Ireland. It belongs to the nuthatch family Sittidae.

This bird is the most common and most widespread nuthatch, and is often referred to just as the Nuthatch.


It is a resident bird of deciduous woods and parkland, with some old trees for nesting. It feeds on insects, seeds and nuts. Its old name “nut-hack” derives from its habit of wedging a nut in a crevice in a tree, and then hacking at it with its strong bill.

It has the ability, like other nuthatches, to climb down trees, unlike species such as woodpeckers which can only go upwards. It will come to bird feeding tables, and is then very aggressive, driving other species away.

The Eurasian Nuthatch is 14 cm long and has the typical nuthatch big head, short tail and powerful bill and feet. It is blue-grey above, with a black eyestripe. Asian and north European birds (S. e. asiatica and S. e. europaea respectively) are white below except for chestnut in the vent area. The western European S. e. caesia has generally reddish underparts. Young birds are "washed out" versions of the adults.

Nests are in holes or crevices, lined with bark or grass. The size of the hole’s entrance may be reduced by the building of a neat mud wall. Five to eight eggs are laid, white speckled with red.

This is a noisy bird, often located by its repeated tui-tui-tui call.


* BirdLife International (2004). Sitta europaea. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 12 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License