Streptopelia senegalensis

Streptopelia senegalensis (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Columbiformes
Familia: Columbidae
Subfamilia: Columbinae
Genus: Streptopelia
Species: Streptopelia senegalensis
Subspecies: S. s. aegyptiaca - S. s. cambayensis - S. s. divergens - S. s. ermanni - S. s. kirmanensis - S. s. phoenicophila - S. s. senegalensis - S. s. sokotrae

Name

Streptopelia senegalensis (Linnaeus, 1766)

Reference

Systema Naturae ed.12 p.283

Vernacular names
Internationalization

Česky: Hrdlička senegalská
Ελληνικά: Φοινικοτρύγονο
English: Laughing Dove
עברית: צוצלת
Русский: Малая горлица
Türkçe: Küçük kumru

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The Laughing Dove is a small pigeon which is a resident breeding bird in the tropics in Africa south of the Sahara, the Middle East and southern Asia east to India. In India it is also known as the Little Brown Dove. Probably as the result of stowaways from Africa or India, the bird is also found in a localised area of Western Australia — in and around Perth and Fremantle.

It is a common and widespread species in scrub, dry farmland and habitation over a good deal of its range, often becoming very tame.

This species builds a stick nest in a tree and lays two white eggs. Its flight is quick, with the regular beats and an occasional sharp flick of the wings which are characteristic of pigeons in general.
Laughing Dove is a long-tailed, slim pigeon, typically 25 centimetres (10 inches) in length. Its back, wings and tail are reddish-brown with blue-grey in the wings. In flight, the underwings are rich chestnut.

The head and underparts are pinkish, shading to whitish on the lower abdomen. There is black spotting on the throat. The legs are red. The chuckling call is a low oo-took-took-oo-roo, with the emphasis on the took-took. Occasionally a nasal scream at one-second intervals is produced in flight or when landing. Sexes are similar, but juveniles are more rufous than adults, and have reduced throat spotting.

Laughing Doves eat grass, seeds, grains, other vegetation and small insects. They are fairly terrestrial, foraging on the ground in grasslands and cultivation. They are not particularly gregarious, and are usually alone, or in pairs.

This species has recently been placed into the genus Stigmatopelia by some authorities following the studies of Johnson et al. (2001).[2]

References

1. ^ BirdLife International (2009) Stigmatopelia senegalensis In: IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. www.iucnredlist.org Retrieved on February 4, 2010.
2. ^ Kevin P. Johnson, Selvino de Kort, Karen Dinwoodey, A. C. Mateman, Carel ten Cate, C. M. Lessells & Dale H. Clayton (2001). "A molecular phylogeny of the dove genera Streptopelia and Columba" (PDF). The Auk 118 (4): 874–887. doi:10.1642/0004-8038(2001)118[0874:AMPOTD2.0.CO;2]. http://www.inhs.uiuc.edu/~kjohnson/kpj_pdfs/Auk.2001.pdf.

* Barlow: Birds of The Gambia. Wacher and Disley, ISBN 1-873403-32-1
* Grimmett: Birds of India. Inskipp and Inskipp, ISBN 0-691-04910-6

Source: Wikispecies, Wikipedia: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

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