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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Subordo: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Aequornithes
Ordo: Pelecaniformes

Familia: Threskiornithidae
Genus: Threskiornis
Species: T. aethiopicus – T. bernieri – T. melanocephalusT. moluccusT. spinicollis – †T. solitarius

Name

Threskiornis Gray, 1842
References
Primary references

Gray, G.R. 1842. A list of the genera of birds Ed.2, Appendix p.13

Links

IOC

Threskiornis is a genus of ibises, wading birds of the family Threskiornithidae. They occur in the warmer parts of the Old World in southern Asia, Australasia and Sub-Saharan Africa. They are colonial breeders, which build a stick nest in a tree or bush and lay two to four eggs. They occur in marshy wetlands and feed on various fish, frogs, crustaceans and insects, in English, they are called sacred ibises.
Description

Adult Threskiornis ibises are typically 75 cm long and have white body plumage. The bald head, neck and legs are black. The bill is thick and curved. Sexes are similar, but juveniles have whiter necks duller plumage. The straw-necked ibis differs from the other species in having dark upperparts, and is some times placed in the separate genus Carphibis (Jameson, 1835) as Carphibis spinicollis. A flightless species, the Reunion ibis, became extinct in the 18th century.
Species

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Threskiornis aethiopicus -Mida Creek mud flats, Kenya-8.jpg T. aethiopicus African sacred ibis Sub-Saharan Africa, southeastern Iraq, and formerly in Egypt
Ibis sacré de Madagascar.JPG T. bernieri Malagasy sacred ibis Madagascar
Black-headed ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus).jpg T. melanocephalus Black-headed ibis Northern India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka east up to Japan
Threskiornis molucca - Perth.jpg T. moluccus Australian white ibis Eastern, northern and south-western Australia
Threskiornis spinicollis - Centenary Lakes.jpg T. spinicollis Straw-necked ibis Australia (except parts of Western Australia, South Australia, and south-west Tasmania), Indonesia and New Guinea
Réunion Ibis.jpg T. solitarius Reunion ibis Extinct, lived on Réunion island

References

Lowe, Kim W. & Richards, Geraldine C. (1991). "Morphological variation in the Sacred Ibis Threskiornis aethiopicus superspecies complex". Emu. 91 (1): 41–45. doi:10.1071/MU9910041.

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Biology Encyclopedia

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