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Todiramphus

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Coraciiformes
Familia: Alcedinidae
Subfamilia: Halcyoninae
Genus: Todiramphus
Species: T. albonotatus - T. australasia - T. chloris - T. cinnamominus - T. diops - T. enigma - T. farquhari - T. funebris - T. gambieri - T. godeffroyi - T. lazuli - T. leucopygius - T. macleayii - †T. miyakoensis - T. nigrocyaneus - T. pyrrhopygius - T. recurvirostris - T. ruficollaris - T. sanctus - T. saurophagus - T. tutus - T. veneratus - T. winchelli

Name

Todiramphus Lesson, 1827

Reference

Ferussac's Bulletin des sciences naturelles et de géologie. 12 p.269

Todiramphus is a genus of kingfishers in the family Halcyonidae. The name is often spelt Todirhamphus but Todiramphus is the original valid spelling. There are around 20-22 extant species in the genus but the classification of several Pacific island forms is still unclear. The range of the genus extends from the Red Sea in the west to French Polynesia in the east with the greatest diversity in Australasia.

Members of Todiramphus are medium-sized kingfishers with flattened beaks. They are typically blue or blue-green above with pale underparts. They often have a pale collar and stripe over the eye. Many species are commonly found well away from water and feed largely on terrestrial animals such as insects and lizards. The nest is built in a cavity, most often in a tree.

Species list

* Blue-black Kingfisher, Todiramphus nigrocyaneus
* Winchell's Kingfisher, Todiramphus winchelli
* Blue-and-white Kingfisher, Todiramphus diops
* Lazuli Kingfisher, Todiramphus lazuli
* Forest Kingfisher, Todiramphus macleayii
* New Britain Kingfisher, Todiramphus albonotatus
* Ultramarine Kingfisher, Todiramphus leucopygius
* Chestnut-bellied Kingfisher, Todiramphus farquhari
* Red-backed Kingfisher, Todiramphus pyrrhopygius
* Micronesian Kingfisher, Todiramphus cinnamominus
o Ryūkyū Kingfisher, Todiramphus (cinnamominus) miyakoensis - extinct (late 19th century)
* Collared Kingfisher, Todiramphus chloris
* Sombre Kingfisher, Todiramphus funebris
* Talaud Kingfisher, Todiramphus enigma
* Beach Kingfisher, Todiramphus saurophagus
* Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher, Todiramphus australasia
* Sacred Kingfisher, Todiramphus sanctus
* Flat-billed Kingfisher, Todiramphus recurvirostris - formerly in T. sanctus
* Tahiti Kingfisher, Todiramphus veneratus
* Chattering Kingfisher, Todiramphus tutus
* Mangaia Kingfisher, Todiramphus ruficollaris - formerly in T. tutus
* Rarotonga Kingfisher, Todiramphus cf. tutus - extinct (mid-1980s?)
* Marquesas Kingfisher, Todiramphus godeffroyi
* Tuamotu Kingfisher, Todiramphus gambieri
o Mangareva Kingfisher, Todiramphus gambieri gambieri - extinct (late 19th century)

References

* C Hilary Fry, Kathie Fry & Alan Harris (1992) Kingfishers, Bee-eaters & Rollers, Christopher Helm (Publishers) Ltd., London
* H. Douglas Pratt, Philip L. Bruner & Delwyn G. Berrett (1987), A Field Guide to the Birds of Hawaii and the Tropical Pacific, Princeton University Press.
* Zoonomen

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License