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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Ordo: Psittaciformes

Familia: Psittacidae
Subfamilia: Psittacinae
Tribus: Arini
Genus: Touit
Species: T. batavicus - T. huetii - T. costaricensis - T. dilectissimus - T. purpuratus - T. melanonotus - T. surdus - T. stictopterus
Name
Touit G.R. Gray 1855

Touit is a genus of Neotropical parrots in the family Psittacidae.

The genus was introduced by the English zoologist George Robert Gray in 1855 with the scarlet-shouldered parrotlet (Touit huetii) as the type species.[1] The genus name is derived from the extinct Tupi language that was spoken by native people in Brazil: Tuí eté means "really little parrot".[2] In 1648 the German naturalist Georg Marcgrave used Tuiete for a small parrot in his Historia Naturalis Brasiliae.[3]

The genus contains the following eight species:[4]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Touit batavicus Lilac-tailed parrotlet Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela
Touit huetii -Napo Wildlife Centre, Yasuni National Park, Ecuador -clay lick-6.jpg Touit huetii Scarlet-shouldered parrotlet Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela
Touit costaricensis Red-fronted parrotlet Central America in Costa Rica and Panama
Touit dilectissimus Blue-fronted parrotlet or red-winged parrotlet coastal Andes to Peru
Touit purpuratus Sapphire-rumped parrotlet Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.
Touit melanonota -Ubatuba, Sao Paulo, Brazil-8.jpg Touit melanonotus Brown-backed parrotlet south-eastern Brazil from Bahia to southern São Paulo
Touit surdus Golden-tailed parrotlet eastern Brazil.
Touit stictopterus Spot-winged parrotlet Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru

References

Gray, George Robert (1855). Catalogue of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds Contained in the British Museum. London: British Museum. p. 89.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 388. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Marcgrave, Georg (1648). Historia Naturalis Brasiliae (in Latin). Liber Quintus: Qui agit de Avibus. Lugdun and Batavorum (London and Leiden): Franciscum Hackium and Elzevirium. p. 206.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2019). "Parrots, cockatoos". World Bird List Version 9.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 11 August 2019.

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