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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Muscicapoidea

Familia: Mimidae
Genus: Toxostoma
Species: T. bendirei – T. cinereum – T. crissale – T. curvirostre – T. guttatum – T. lecontei – T. longirostre – T. ocellatum – T. redivivum – T. rufum

Dubious taxon or synonym: T. arenicola

Name

Toxostoma Wagler, 1831
Typus

Orpheus curvirostris Swainson, 1827 = Toxostoma curvirostre

Synonyms

Harpes Gambel, 1845
Harporhynchus Cabanis, 1847

References

Wagler, J.G. 1831. Einige Mittheilungen über Thiere Mexicos. Isis von Oken 24: 510–535. BHL (German) Reference page. Original description col.528 BHL

Vernacular names
العربية: الدَّرَّاسات النمطيَّة
English: Thrasher
suomi: Sirppimatkijat
lietuvių: Plonasnapės triukšmuolės

Toxostoma is a genus of bird in the family Mimidae. This genus contains most of the birds called thrashers, and accordingly members of this genus are sometimes referred to as the "typical thrashers".

The genus name Toxostoma comes from the Ancient Greek toxon, "bow" or "arch" and stoma, "mouth".[1]

The genus contains the following species:

Ocellated thrasher (Toxostoma ocellatum)
Brown thrasher (Toxostoma rufum)
Cozumel thrasher (Toxostoma guttatum)
Bendire's thrasher (Toxostoma bendirei)
Curve-billed thrasher (Toxostoma curvirostre)
LeConte's thrasher (Toxostoma lecontei)
Crissal thrasher (Toxostoma crissale)
California thrasher (Toxostoma redivivum)
Gray thrasher (Toxostoma cinereum)
Long-billed thrasher (Toxostoma longirostre)

References

Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 389. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.

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Biology Encyclopedia

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