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Trogon violaceus

Trogon violaceus (*)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis: Sarcopterygii
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Ordo: Trogoniformes

Familia: Trogonidae
Genus: Trogon
Species: Trogon violaceus
Name

Trogon violaceus Gmelin, 1788
References

Gmelin, J.F. 1788. Caroli a Linné systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima tertia, aucta, reformata. - pp. i-xii, 1-500. Lipsiae. (Beer). DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.545 BHL Reference page. : 404.

Vernacular names
brezhoneg: Trogon limestra
català: Trogon violaci
dansk: Blågul trogon
English: Guianan Trogon
español: Trogón violáceo
فارسی: لانه‌کن گینه
suomi: Pikkutrogoni
français: Trogon violacé
magyar: Lilafejű aranytrogon
Nederlands: Guyanatrogon
پنجابی: ویولیسز ٹروگن
português: Surucuá-miudinho
svenska: Guyanatrogon

The Guianan trogon (Trogon violaceus), is a near passerine bird in the trogon family, Trogonidae. It is found in humid forests in the Amazon basin of South America and on the island of Trinidad. Until recently, this species, the gartered trogon (T. caligatus) of Mexico, Central America, and northern South America, and the Amazonian trogon (T. ramonianus) of the western Amazon were all considered to be conspecific and collectively called violaceous trogon.
Behavior

It is a resident of moist tropical forests, where it nests in a wasp, ant or termite nest or a hole in a rotten tree, with a typical clutch of two or three white eggs.

Guianan trogons feed on insects and small fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. They typically perch upright and motionless.
Description

Trogons have distinctive male and female plumages, with soft, often colourful, feathers. This relatively small species is about 23 centimetres (9.1 in) long and weighs 56 grams (2.0 oz). The head and upper breast of the male are blue and the back is green, becoming bluer on the rump. A faint white line separates the breast from the orange yellow underparts. The undertail is white with black barring, and the wings are black, vermiculated with white. The complete eye-ring is yellow. The female violaceous trogon resembles the male, but has a dark grey back, head and breast, and an incomplete white eye-ring.

This species resembles the white-tailed trogon, but the latter is larger and has a complete pale blue eye-ring in both sexes. Furthermore, the male white-tailed trogon lacks barring to the undertail.

The shade of the blue of the head in the male differs between the Guianan trogon and the gartered trogon, but (disregarding their separate distributions) the call is the main distinction between the two. The gartered has a slurred whistled cuh-cuh-cuh, and the Guianan has a soft cow cow, cow.
References

BirdLife International (2016). "Trogon violaceus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T61686959A95175649. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T61686959A95175649.en. Retrieved 13 November 2021.

BirdLife International (2016). "Trogon violaceus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T61686959A95175649. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T61686959A95175649.en. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
South American Classification Committee (2008). Recognize Trogon caligatus as a separate species from Trogon violaceus (2).
ffrench, Richard (1991). A Guide to the Birds of Trinidad and Tobago (2nd ed.). Comstock Publishing. ISBN 0-8014-9792-2.
Hilty, Steven L (2003). Birds of Venezuela. London: Christopher Helm. ISBN 0-7136-6418-5.
Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2011. IOC World Bird Names (version 2.10). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/ [Accessed 15 November 2011].

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