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Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Parvordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Muscicapoidea
Familia: Turdidae
Genus: Turdus
Species: T. albicollis - T. albocinctus - T. amaurochalinus - T. assimilis - T. aurantius - T. bewsheri - T. boulboul - T. cardis - T. celaenops - T. chiguanco - T. chrysolaus - T. dissimilis -T. eunomus - T. falcklandii - T. feae - T. fulviventris - T. fumigatus - T. fuscater - T. grayi - T. graysoni - T. haplochrous - T. hauxwelli - T. hortulorum - T. ignobilis - T. iliacus - T. infuscatus - T. jamaicensis - T. kessleri - T. lawrencii - T. leucomelas - T. libonyanus - T. maculirostris - T. maranonicus - T. menachensis - T. merula - T. migratorius - T. mupinensis - T. naumanni - T. nigrescens - T. nigriceps - T. nudigenis - T. obscurus - T. obsoletus - T. olivaceofuscus - T. olivaceus - T. olivater - T. pallidus - T. pelios - T. philomelos - T. pilaris - T. plebejus - T. plumbeus - T. poliocephalus - †T. ravidus - T. reevei - T. rubrocanus - T. ruficollis - T. rufitorques - T. rufiventris - T. rufopalliatus - T. serranus - T. subalaris - T. swalesi - T. tephronotus - T. torquatus - T. unicolor - T. viscivorus

Name

Turdus Linnaeus, 1758

Reference

Systema Naturae ed.10 p.168

Vernacular names
Internationalization
Dansk: Drossel
Deutsch: Echte Drosseln
English: True thrush
Français: Grive
Frysk: Lysters
Íslenska: Eiginlegir þrestir
Lietuvių: Strazdai
Русский: Дрозды

The true thrushes are medium-sized mostly insectivorous or omnivorous birds in the genus Turdus of the thrush family Turdidae.

The genus has a cosmopolitan distribution, with species in the Americas, Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia. Several species have also colonised some oceanic islands, and two species have been introduced to New Zealand. Some New World species are called robins, the most famous of which is the American Robin. Several species are migratory.

While some species are often split out of Turdus, the two small thrushes formerly separated in Platycichla by many authors are usually placed in the present genus again in recent years.
List of species in taxonomic order

* Common Blackbird, Turdus merula
o Indian Blackbird, Turdus (merula) simillimus
o Tibetan Blackbird, Turdus (merula) maximus
o Chinese Blackbird, Turdus (merula) mandarinus
* Yemen Thrush, Turdus menachensis
* Olive Thrush, Turdus olivaceus
o Abyssinian Thrush, Turdus (olivaceus) abyssinicus
o Usambara Thrush, Turdus (olivaceus/abyssinicus) roehli
o Karoo Thrush, Turdus (olivaceus) smithi
* Taita Thrush, Turdus helleri - formerly in T. olivaceus
* Somali Thrush or Somali Blackbird, Turdus ludoviciae - formerly in T. olivaceus
* Olivaceous Thrush, Turdus olivaceofuscus
* Comoro Thrush, Turdus bewsheri
* Kurrichane Thrush, Turdus libonyanus
* African Thrush, Turdus pelios
* African Bare-eyed Thrush, Turdus tephronotus
* Grey-backed Thrush, Turdus hortulorum
* Tickell's Thrush, Turdus unicolor
* Black-breasted Thrush, Turdus dissimilis
* Japanese Thrush, Turdus cardis
* White-collared Blackbird, Turdus albocinctus
* Ring Ouzel, Turdus torquatus
* Grey-winged Blackbird, Turdus boulboul
* Island Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus
o Christmas Island Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus erythropleurus - common Christmas Island endemic subspecies
o Norfolk Island Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus poliocephalus - extinct (c.1975)
o Maré Island Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus mareensis - extinct (early 20th century)
o Lord Howe Island Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus vinitinctus - extinct (1920s)
o Lifou Island Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus pritzbueri - possibly extinct (early 20th century?)
* Chestnut Thrush, Turdus rubrocanus
* White-backed Thrush, Turdus kessleri
* Grey-sided Thrush, Turdus feae
* Eyebrowed Thrush, Turdus obscurus
* Pale Thrush, Turdus pallidus
* Brown-headed Thrush, Turdus chrysolaus
* Izu Thrush, Turdus celaenops
* Dark-throated Thrush, Turdus atrogularis
o Black-throated Thrush, Turdus (atrogularis) atrogularis
o Red-throated Thrush, Turdus (atrogularis) ruficollis
* Dusky Thrush, Turdus naumanni
o Naumann's Thrush, Turdus (naumanni) naumanni
o Dusky Thrush, Turdus (naumanni) eunomus
* Fieldfare, Turdus pilaris
* Redwing, Turdus iliacus
* Song Thrush, Turdus philomelos
* Chinese Thrush, Turdus mupinensis
* Mistle Thrush, Turdus viscivorus
* Red-legged Thrush, Turdus plumbeus
* Grand Cayman Thrush, Turdus ravidus - extinct (1940s)
* Chiguanco Thrush, Turdus chiguanco
* Sooty Thrush, Turdus nigrescens
* Great Thrush, Turdus fuscater
* Black Thrush, Turdus infuscatus
* Glossy-black Thrush, Turdus serranus
* Andean Slaty Thrush, Turdus nigriceps
* Eastern Slaty Thrush, Turdus subalaris
* Black-hooded Thrush, Turdus olivater
o Cauca Black-hooded Thrush, Turdus olivater caucae - possibly extinct (late 20th century?)
* Plumbeous-backed Thrush, Turdus reevei
* Marañón Thrush, Turdus maranonicus
* Chestnut-bellied Thrush, Turdus fulviventris
* Rufous-bellied Thrush, Turdus rufiventris
* Austral Thrush, Turdus falcklandii
* Pale-breasted Thrush, Turdus leucomelas
* Creamy-bellied Thrush, Turdus amaurochalinus
* Mountain Thrush, Turdus plebejus
* Black-billed Thrush, Turdus ignobilis
* Lawrence's Thrush, Turdus lawrencii
* Cocoa Thrush, Turdus fumigatus
* Pale-vented Thrush, Turdus obsoletus
* Hauxwell's Thrush, Turdus hauxwelli
* Clay-colored Thrush, Turdus grayi
* Bare-eyed Thrush, Turdus nudigenis
* Ecuadorian Thrush, Turdus maculirostris
* Unicolored Thrush, Turdus haplochrous
* White-eyed Thrush, Turdus jamaicensis
* White-throated Thrush, Turdus assimilis
o Dagua Thrush, Turdus (assimilis) daguae
* White-necked Thrush, Turdus albicollis
o Rufous-flanked Thrush Turdus (albicollis) albicollis
o Grey-flanked Thrush Turdus (albicollis) phaeopygos
* Rufous-backed Robin, Turdus rufopalliatus
* Rufous-collared Robin, Turdus rufitorques
* American Robin, Turdus migratorius
* La Selle Thrush, Turdus swalesi
* White-chinned Thrush, Turdus aurantius

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