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Tyrannopsis sulphurea - Sulphury Flycatcher

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Tyranni
Infraordo: Tyrannides
Parvordo: Tyrannida

Familia: Tyrannidae
Genus: Tyrannopsis
Species: Tyrannopsis sulphurea
Name

Tyrannopsis sulphurea Spix, 1825)

Type locality: Manaus, Rio Negro, Brazil.

Synonyms

Muscicapa sulphurea (protonym)

References

Spix, J.B. von 1825. Avium species novae, quas in itinere per Brasiliam annis MDCCCXVII-MDCCCXX jussu et auspiciis Maximiliani Josephi I. Bavariae regis. Suscepto. Collegit et descripsit Dr. J. B. de Spix. Tomus 2. 85 pp. + 115 tt. Illustrations: Matthias Schmidt. Ed. Typis Franc. Seraph. Hübschmanni. Monachii. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.63182 Original description p.16 BHL Reference page. pl. 20 BHL

Vernacular names
English: Sulphury Flycatcher
español: Tirano palmero
português: Suiriri-de-garganta-rajada

The sulphury flycatcher (Tyrannopsis sulphurea) is a passerine bird which is a localised resident breeder from Trinidad, the Guianas and Venezuela south to Amazonian Peru, northern Bolivia and Brazil.

This large tyrant flycatcher is found in savannah habitat with moriche palms. The nest is an open cup of sticks in the crown of a moriche palm, and the typical clutch is two cream-coloured eggs blotched with brown.

The adult sulphury flycatcher is 20.3 cm long and weighs 54g. The head and neck are dark grey, and there is a concealed yellow crown stripe. The upperparts are olive, and the wings and tail are brown. The underparts are yellow with a greenish tint to the upper breast and a white throat. The black bill is short and broad.

This species resembles the tropical kingbird, but is shorter, stockier, and has a shorter bill. The call is a loud squealing jweeez, quite different from the kingbird's twittering.

Sulphury flycatchers wait on an exposed perch high in a palm and sally out to catch insects in flight. They will also take some berries.

The species is in its own genus-(monotypic), because of its bird voicebox anatomy, the syrinx.
References

BirdLife International (2018). "Tyrannopsis sulphurea". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T22700530A130207691. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22700530A130207691.en. Retrieved 11 November 2021.

ffrench, Richard (1991). A Guide to the Birds of Trinidad and Tobago (2nd ed.). Comstock Publishing. ISBN 0-8014-9792-2.
Hilty, Steven L (2003). Birds of Venezuela. London: Christopher Helm. ISBN 0-7136-6418-5.

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