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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Telluraves
Cladus: Australaves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Tyranni
Infraordo: Tyrannides
Parvordo: Tyrannida

Familia: Tyrannidae
Subfamilia: Tyranninae
Genus: Tyrannus
Species: T. albogularis - T. caudifasciatus - T. couchii - T. crassirostris - T. cubensis - T. dominicensis - T. forficatus - T. melancholicus - T. niveigularis - T. savana - T. tyrannus - T. verticalis - T. vociferans

Name

Tyrannus Lacépède, 1799

Typus: Lanius tyrannus Linnaeus, 1758 = Tyrannus tyrannus

Synonyms

Muscivora Lacépède, 1799
Milvulus Swainson, 1827 Zool.J. p. 165

References

Lacepède, B.G.E. 1799. Discours d'ouverture et de clôture du cours d'histoire naturelle. Donné dans le Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, l'an VII de la République, et Tableaux methodiques des mammifères et des oiseaux. Paris. MDZ. Discours pp. 1–55. Mammifères pp. 1–18. Oiseaux pp. 1–20. Reference page. [p. 5]

Vernacular names
English: Kingbirds; flycatchers
español: Tiranos; tijeretas
português: Suirirís; tesourinhas

Tyrannus is a genus of small passerine birds of the tyrant flycatcher family. The majority are named as kingbirds.

They prefer semi-open or open areas. These birds wait on an exposed perch and then catch insects in flight.[1] They have long pointed wings and large broad bills. These birds tend to defend their breeding territories aggressively, often chasing away much larger birds. A kingbird was photographed in 2009 defending its young by landing on and sinking its talons into the back of a red-tailed hawk and pecking its skull until the red-tailed hawk gave up and flew away.[2]

The genus was introduced in 1799 by the French naturalist Bernard Germain de Lacépède with the eastern kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus) as the type species.[3] The genus name is the Latin word for "tyrant".[4]
Species

The genus contains 13 species:[5]

Image Common Name Scientific name Distribution
Snowy-throated Kingbird.jpg Snowy-throated kingbird Tyrannus niveigularis Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru
Flickr - Dario Sanches - SUIRIRI-DE-GARGANTA-BRANCA (Tyrannus albogularis ).jpg White-throated kingbird Tyrannus albogularis Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela, and in the Guianas of Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana
Tropical Kingbird (Tyrannus melancholicus) (8079383852).jpg Tropical kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus Southern Arizona and the lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas in the United States through Central America, South America as far south as central Argentina and western Peru, and on Trinidad and Tobago
Couch's Kingbird (14104331405).jpg Couch's kingbird Tyrannus couchii Southern Texas along the Gulf Coast to the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico, Belize and northern Guatemala.
Cassin's Kingbird (23786487119).jpg Cassin's kingbird Tyrannus vociferans California and from Montana to Utah, along the eastern Rocky Mountains, and northern Central America
605 - THICK-BILLED KINGBIRD (5-22-2018) tubac, santa cruz co, az -05 (42239690802).jpg Thick-billed kingbird Tyrannus crassirostris Southeastern Arizona, extreme southwestern New Mexico, and northern Sonora, (the Madrean sky islands), in the United States and Mexico, through western and western-coastal Mexico, south to western Guatemala.
Tyrannus-verticalis-001.jpg Western kingbird Tyrannus verticalis Florida and the Pacific coast of southern Mexico and Central America.
STail Fly 0328090048 copy.jpg Scissor-tailed flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas; western portions of Louisiana, Arkansas, and Missouri; far eastern New Mexico; and northeastern Mexico
Fork-tailed Flycatcher (Tyrannus savana) (8077690142).jpg Fork-tailed flycatcher Tyrannus savana Central Mexico to central Argentina
Eastern Kingbird (34425607481).jpg Eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Open areas across North America
Grey Kingbird ( Aves ).jpg Gray kingbird Tyrannus dominicensis United States, mainly in Florida, through Central America, from Cuba to Puerto Rico as well as eastward towards all across the Lesser West Indies, south to Venezuela, Trinidad, Tobago, the Guiana, and Colombia.
Giant Kingbird 2495229727.jpg Giant kingbird Tyrannus cubensis Cuba
Tyrannus caudifasciatus -Camaguey Province, Cuba-8 (2).jpg Loggerhead kingbird Tyrannus caudifasciatus The Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, and, very rarely, in the United States.

References

Kannan, R.; James, D.A. (2011). "Foraging behavior of three sympatric and congeneric Tyrannid flycatchers (Tyrannus spp.) in western Arkansas". J. Arkansas Academy Science. 65 (1): 169–172.
"Kingbird rides on back of hawk to defend young". telegraph.co.uk. 2009-10-30. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2018-10-25.
Lacépède, Bernard Germain de (1799). "Tableau des sous-classes, divisions, sous-division, ordres et genres des oiseux". Discours d'ouverture et de clôture du cours d'histoire naturelle (in French). Paris: Plassan. p. 5. Page numbering starts at one for each of the three sections.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 394. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2017). "Tyrant flycatchers". World Bird List Version 7.3. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 9 January 2018.

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