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Vanellus leucurus

Vanellus leucurus (*)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Ordo: Charadriiformes
Subordo: Charadrii

Familia: Charadriidae
Genus: Vanellus
Species: Vanellus leucurus
Name

Vanellus leucurus (Lichtenstein, 1823)
References

Reise von Orenburg nach Buchara p. 137

Vernacular names
العربية: الزقزاق أبيض الذيل
azərbaycanca: Ağquyruq çökükburun
български: Белоопашата калугерица
brezhoneg: Kornigell lost gwenn
català: Fredeluga cuablanca
čeština: Keptuška běloocasá
Cymraeg: Comchwiglen gynffonwen
dansk: Sumpvibe
Deutsch: Weißschwanzkiebitz
Ελληνικά: Ερημογιαννής, Λεύκουρη Καλημάνα
English: White-tailed Lapwing
Esperanto: Blankvosta vanelo
español: Avefría Coliblanca
eesti: Valgesaba-kiivitaja
euskara: Fredeluga cuablanca
suomi: Suohyyppä
français: Vanneau à queue blanche
galego: Fredeluga cuablanca
עברית: קוית לבנת־זנב
magyar: Fehérfarkú lilebíbic
հայերեն: Եղտյուրիկ սպիտակապոչ
íslenska: Flóavepja
italiano: Vanellus leucurus
日本語: オジロゲリ
қазақша: Аққұйрықты тарғақ
lietuvių: Baltauodegė pempė
Malti: Venewwa Denbha Abjad
Nederlands: Witstaartkievit
norsk: Sumpvipe
polski: Czajka stepowa
português: Abibe-de-cauda-branca
română: Nagâț cu coadă albă
русский: Белохвостая пигалица
slovenčina: Cíbik bielochvostý
slovenščina: Belorepa priba
svenska: Sumpvipa
Türkçe: Ak kuyruklu kız kuşu
українська: Білохвоста чайка
中文: 白尾麦鸡

The white-tailed lapwing or white-tailed plover (Vanellus leucurus) is a wader in the lapwing genus. The genus name Vanellus is Medieval Latin for a lapwing and derives from vannus a winnowing fan. The specific leucurus is from Ancient Greek leukouros, "white-tailed".[2]

This medium-sized lapwing is long-legged and fairly long-billed. It is the only lapwing likely to be seen in other than very shallow water, where it picks insects and other small prey mainly from the surface.

Adults are slim erect birds with a brown back and foreneck, paler face and grey breast. Its long yellow legs, pure white tail and distinctive brown, white and black wings make this species unmistakable. Young birds have a scaly back, and may show some brown in the tail.

The breeding season call is a peewit, similar to northern lapwing.

It breeds semi-colonially on inland marshes in Iraq, Iran and southern Russia. Four eggs are laid in a ground nest. The Iraqi and Iranian breeders are mainly residents, but Russian birds migrate south in winter to the Indian Subcontinent, the Middle East and north east Africa. It is a very rare vagrant in western Europe, the first example in Britain being found at Packington, Warwickshire on 12 July 1975.

In some parts of its distribution range the species faces threats related to habitat destruction and unintentional poaching.[3]

The white-tailed lapwing is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies.
near Hodal in Faridabad District of Haryana, India
References

BirdLife International (2020). "Vanellus leucurus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T22694064A153819832. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-3.RLTS.T22694064A153819832.en. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. pp. 225, 397. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Armenian Bird Census. "The State of White-tailed Lapwing in Armenia". TSE NGO. Retrieved 31 January 2018.

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